Experimental and theoretical studies of solvation of ions

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Solvents determine the outcome of many industrial chemical reactions. Sometimes small changes in the properties of the solvent system can have dramatic consequences on the economics of these processes, and a broad array of empirical analyses have been performed to evaluate solvent effects on chemical processes. Chemists at Argonne National Laboratory have adopted a very direct approach and are measuring the actual rates of salvation of large organic anions in different solvents for the first time. Chuck Jonah and Yi Lin used the Argonne linac to create the anions in an unsolvated state, and then studied the manner in which ... continued below

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7 p.

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Jonah, C. D. & Lin, Yi March 1996.

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Description

Solvents determine the outcome of many industrial chemical reactions. Sometimes small changes in the properties of the solvent system can have dramatic consequences on the economics of these processes, and a broad array of empirical analyses have been performed to evaluate solvent effects on chemical processes. Chemists at Argonne National Laboratory have adopted a very direct approach and are measuring the actual rates of salvation of large organic anions in different solvents for the first time. Chuck Jonah and Yi Lin used the Argonne linac to create the anions in an unsolvated state, and then studied the manner in which they interacted with surrounding molecules. They showed that anion salvation occurs at a much faster rate than had been predicted, and they provided a theoretical understanding of the way in which the reaction rates intimately depend upon the chemical structures of the solvents. These experiments, which provide new insight into this important aspect of chemistry, were carried out using the Argonne picosecond linac and the stroboscopic pulse radiolysis system.

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7 p.

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OSTI as DE96007623

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  • Other Information: PBD: [1996]

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  • Other: DE96007623
  • Report No.: ANL/CHM/PP--82683
  • Grant Number: W-31109-ENG-38
  • DOI: 10.2172/208332 | External Link
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 208332
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc666235

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Office of Scientific & Technical Information Technical Reports

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  • March 1996

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  • June 29, 2015, 9:42 p.m.

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  • Dec. 7, 2015, 4:18 p.m.

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Jonah, C. D. & Lin, Yi. Experimental and theoretical studies of solvation of ions, report, March 1996; Illinois. (https://digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc666235/: accessed May 22, 2019), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, https://digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.