Benchmarking analysis of three multimedia models: RESRAD, MMSOILS, and MEPAS

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Description

Multimedia modelers from the United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and the United States Department of Energy (DOE) collaborated to conduct a comprehensive and quantitative benchmarking analysis of three multimedia models. The three models-RESRAD (DOE), MMSOILS (EPA), and MEPAS (DOE)-represent analytically based tools that are used by the respective agencies for performing human exposure and health risk assessments. The study is performed by individuals who participate directly in the ongoing design, development, and application of the models. A list of physical/chemical/biological processes related to multimedia-based exposure and risk assessment is first presented as a basis for comparing the overall capabilities ... continued below

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300 p.

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Cheng, J. J.; Faillace, E. R. & Gnanapragasam, E. K. November 1995.

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Description

Multimedia modelers from the United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and the United States Department of Energy (DOE) collaborated to conduct a comprehensive and quantitative benchmarking analysis of three multimedia models. The three models-RESRAD (DOE), MMSOILS (EPA), and MEPAS (DOE)-represent analytically based tools that are used by the respective agencies for performing human exposure and health risk assessments. The study is performed by individuals who participate directly in the ongoing design, development, and application of the models. A list of physical/chemical/biological processes related to multimedia-based exposure and risk assessment is first presented as a basis for comparing the overall capabilities of RESRAD, MMSOILS, and MEPAS. Model design, formulation, and function are then examined by applying the models to a series of hypothetical problems. Major components of the models (e.g., atmospheric, surface water, groundwater) are evaluated separately and then studied as part of an integrated system for the assessment of a multimedia release scenario to determine effects due to linking components of the models. Seven modeling scenarios are used in the conduct of this benchmarking study: (1) direct biosphere exposure, (2) direct release to the air, (3) direct release to the vadose zone, (4) direct release to the saturated zone, (5) direct release to surface water, (6) surface water hydrology, and (7) multimedia release. Study results show that the models differ with respect to (1) environmental processes included (i.e., model features) and (2) the mathematical formulation and assumptions related to the implementation of solutions (i.e., parameterization).

Physical Description

300 p.

Notes

INIS; OSTI as DE96006086

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  • Other Information: PBD: Nov 1995

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  • Other: DE96006086
  • Report No.: DOE/ORO--2033
  • Report No.: ORNL/M--4922
  • Grant Number: AC05-84OR21400
  • DOI: 10.2172/192408 | External Link
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 192408
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc666232

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Office of Scientific & Technical Information Technical Reports

Reports, articles and other documents harvested from the Office of Scientific and Technical Information.

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI) is the Department of Energy (DOE) office that collects, preserves, and disseminates DOE-sponsored research and development (R&D) results that are the outcomes of R&D projects or other funded activities at DOE labs and facilities nationwide and grantees at universities and other institutions.

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Creation Date

  • November 1995

Added to The UNT Digital Library

  • June 29, 2015, 9:42 p.m.

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  • April 7, 2016, 7 p.m.

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Cheng, J. J.; Faillace, E. R. & Gnanapragasam, E. K. Benchmarking analysis of three multimedia models: RESRAD, MMSOILS, and MEPAS, report, November 1995; Tennessee. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc666232/: accessed October 17, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.