Life-cycle energy savings potential from aluminum-intensive vehicles

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The life-cycle energy and fuel-use impacts of US-produced aluminum-intensive passenger cars and passenger trucks are assessed. The energy analysis includes vehicle fuel consumption, material production energy, and recycling energy. A model that stimulates market dynamics was used to project aluminum-intensive vehicle market shares and national energy savings potential for the period between 2005 and 2030. We conclude that there is a net energy savings with the use of aluminum-intensive vehicles. Manufacturing costs must be reduced to achieve significant market penetration of aluminum-intensive vehicles. The petroleum energy saved from improved fuel efficiency offsets the additional energy needed to manufacture aluminum compared ... continued below

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13 p.

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Stodolsky, F.; Vyas, A.; Cuenca, R. & Gaines, L. July 1, 1995.

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Description

The life-cycle energy and fuel-use impacts of US-produced aluminum-intensive passenger cars and passenger trucks are assessed. The energy analysis includes vehicle fuel consumption, material production energy, and recycling energy. A model that stimulates market dynamics was used to project aluminum-intensive vehicle market shares and national energy savings potential for the period between 2005 and 2030. We conclude that there is a net energy savings with the use of aluminum-intensive vehicles. Manufacturing costs must be reduced to achieve significant market penetration of aluminum-intensive vehicles. The petroleum energy saved from improved fuel efficiency offsets the additional energy needed to manufacture aluminum compared to steel. The energy needed to make aluminum can be reduced further if wrought aluminum is recycled back to wrought aluminum. We find that oil use is displaced by additional use of natural gas and nonfossil energy, but use of coal is lower. Many of the results are not necessarily applicable to vehicles built outside of the United States, but others could be used with caution.

Physical Description

13 p.

Notes

OSTI as DE96005111

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  • International conference on beam processing of advanced materials, Cleveland, OH (United States), 30 Oct - 2 Nov 1995

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  • Other: DE96005111
  • Report No.: ANL/ES/CP--87358
  • Report No.: CONF-9510232--4
  • Grant Number: W-31109-ENG-38
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 191630
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc665736

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Office of Scientific & Technical Information Technical Reports

Reports, articles and other documents harvested from the Office of Scientific and Technical Information.

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  • July 1, 1995

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  • June 29, 2015, 9:42 p.m.

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  • Dec. 16, 2015, 12:52 p.m.

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Stodolsky, F.; Vyas, A.; Cuenca, R. & Gaines, L. Life-cycle energy savings potential from aluminum-intensive vehicles, article, July 1, 1995; Illinois. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc665736/: accessed October 19, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.