Characterization of radionuclide-chelating agent complexes found in low-level radioactive decontamination waste. Literature review

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The US Nuclear Regulatory Commission is responsible for regulating the safe land disposal of low-level radioactive wastes that may contain organic chelating agents. Such agents include ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (EDTA), diethylenetriaminepentaacetic acid (DTPA), picolinic acid, oxalic acid, and citric acid, and can form radionuclide-chelate complexes that may enhance the migration of radionuclides from disposal sites. Data from the available literature indicate that chelates can leach from solidified decontamination wastes in moderate concentration (1--100 ppm) and can potentially complex certain radionuclides in the leachates. In general it appears that both EDTA and DTPA have the potential to mobilize radionuclides from waste disposal ... continued below

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167 p.

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Serne, R. J.; Felmy, A. R.; Cantrell, K. J.; Krupka, K. M.; Campbell, J. A.; Bolton, H., Jr. et al. March 1, 1996.

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Description

The US Nuclear Regulatory Commission is responsible for regulating the safe land disposal of low-level radioactive wastes that may contain organic chelating agents. Such agents include ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (EDTA), diethylenetriaminepentaacetic acid (DTPA), picolinic acid, oxalic acid, and citric acid, and can form radionuclide-chelate complexes that may enhance the migration of radionuclides from disposal sites. Data from the available literature indicate that chelates can leach from solidified decontamination wastes in moderate concentration (1--100 ppm) and can potentially complex certain radionuclides in the leachates. In general it appears that both EDTA and DTPA have the potential to mobilize radionuclides from waste disposal sites because such chelates can leach in moderate concentration, form strong radionuclide-chelate complexes, and can be recalcitrant to biodegradation. It also appears that oxalic acid and citric acid will not greatly enhance the mobility of radionuclides from waste disposal sites because these chelates do not appear to leach in high concentration, tend to form relatively weak radionuclide-chelate complexes, and can be readily biodegraded. In the case of picolinic acid, insufficient data are available on adsorption, complexation of key radionuclides (such as the actinides), and biodegradation to make definitive predictions, although the available data indicate that picolinic acid can chelate certain radionuclides in the leachates.

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167 p.

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INIS; OSTI as TI96009672

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  • Other Information: PBD: Mar 1996

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  • Other: TI96009672
  • Report No.: NUREG/CR--6124
  • Report No.: PNL--8856
  • Grant Number: AC06-76RL01830
  • DOI: 10.2172/219284 | External Link
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 219284
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc665480

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  • March 1, 1996

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  • June 29, 2015, 9:42 p.m.

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Serne, R. J.; Felmy, A. R.; Cantrell, K. J.; Krupka, K. M.; Campbell, J. A.; Bolton, H., Jr. et al. Characterization of radionuclide-chelating agent complexes found in low-level radioactive decontamination waste. Literature review, report, March 1, 1996; Washington D.C.. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc665480/: accessed September 19, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.