Photophysics of fullerenes: Thermionic emission

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Multiphoton ionization of fullerenes using long-pulse length lasers occurs mainly through vibrational autoionization. In many cases the laser ionization can be described as thermionic in analogy to the boiling off of electrons from a filament. Thermionic emission manifests itself as a delayed emission of electrons following pulsed laser excitation. Klots has employed quasiequilibrium theory to calculate rate constants for thermionic emission from fullerenes which seem to quantitatively account for the observed delayed emission times and the measured electron energy distributions. The theory of Klots also accounts for the thermionic emission of C{sub 60} excited by a low power CW Argon ... continued below

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7 p.

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Compton, R.N.; Tuinman, A.A. & Huang, J. September 1, 1996.

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Multiphoton ionization of fullerenes using long-pulse length lasers occurs mainly through vibrational autoionization. In many cases the laser ionization can be described as thermionic in analogy to the boiling off of electrons from a filament. Thermionic emission manifests itself as a delayed emission of electrons following pulsed laser excitation. Klots has employed quasiequilibrium theory to calculate rate constants for thermionic emission from fullerenes which seem to quantitatively account for the observed delayed emission times and the measured electron energy distributions. The theory of Klots also accounts for the thermionic emission of C{sub 60} excited by a low power CW Argon Ion laser. Recently Klots and Compton have reviewed the evidence for thermionic emission from small aggregates where mention was also made of experiments designed to determine the effects of externally applied electric fields on thermionic emission rates. The authors have measured the fullerene ion intensity as a function of the applied electric field and normalized this signal to that produced by single photon ionization of an atom in order to correct for all collection efficiency artifacts. The increase in fullerene ion signal relative to that of Cs{sup +} is attributed to field enhanced thermionic emission. From the slope of the Schottky plot they obtain a temperature of approximately 1,000 K. This temperature is comparable to but smaller than that estimated from measurements of the electron kinetic energies. This result for field enhanced thermionic emission is discussed further by Klots and Compton. Thermionic emission from neutral clusters has long been known for autodetachment from highly excited negative ions. Similarly, electron attachment to C{sub 60} in the energy range from 8 to 12 eV results in C{sub 60} anions with lifetimes in the range of microseconds. Quasiequilibrium theory (QET) calculations are in reasonable accord with these measurements.

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7 p.

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INIS; OSTI as DE96013789

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  • 8. international symposium on resonance ionization spectroscopy and its applications (RIS-96), State College, PA (United States), 30 Jun - 5 Jul 1996

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  • Other: DE96013789
  • Report No.: CONF-960686--2
  • Grant Number: AC05-96OR22464
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 286293
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc665249

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  • September 1, 1996

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  • June 29, 2015, 9:42 p.m.

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  • June 23, 2016, 10:08 a.m.

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Compton, R.N.; Tuinman, A.A. & Huang, J. Photophysics of fullerenes: Thermionic emission, article, September 1, 1996; Tennessee. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc665249/: accessed November 19, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.