Laser-ultrasonic evaluation of damage in unidirectional ceramic matrix composites

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Ceramic matrix composites (CMCs) have attracted great attention because of their potential for high temperature structural applications. Among these materials, calcium aluminosilicate (CAS) glass ceramic and similar composites reinforced by Nicalon{trademark} SiC fiber with carbon-rich interface have been under active investigation because of their {open_quotes}notch-insensitivity{close_quotes}: stress near holes and notches can be redistributed by inelastic deformation in the form of multiple matrix cracking. Therefore, stress concentration is alleviated near these sites. Understanding the damage mechanism in these composites is very important for the development of constitutive modeling. To achieve this goal, monitoring damage initiation and accumulation in-situ are especially critical. ... continued below

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11 p.

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Liu, Y.M.; Mitchell, T.E. & Wadley, H.N.G. April 1, 1996.

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  • Liu, Y.M.
  • Mitchell, T.E. Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States). Center for Materials Science
  • Wadley, H.N.G. Univ. of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA (United States). Dept. of Materials Science and Engineering

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Description

Ceramic matrix composites (CMCs) have attracted great attention because of their potential for high temperature structural applications. Among these materials, calcium aluminosilicate (CAS) glass ceramic and similar composites reinforced by Nicalon{trademark} SiC fiber with carbon-rich interface have been under active investigation because of their {open_quotes}notch-insensitivity{close_quotes}: stress near holes and notches can be redistributed by inelastic deformation in the form of multiple matrix cracking. Therefore, stress concentration is alleviated near these sites. Understanding the damage mechanism in these composites is very important for the development of constitutive modeling. To achieve this goal, monitoring damage initiation and accumulation in-situ are especially critical. In most of the previous work, the change of elastic modulus along loading direction was used to characterize the damage. However, the overall anisotropic damages such as fiber-matrix debonding or shear deformation were unknown. In this study, we have pursued an in-situ nondestructive laser-ultrasonic technique to assess the overall anisotropic stiffness degradation under loading. When a laser pulse is brought to sample surface, high frequency acoustic waves can be generated by thermal or ablation mechanisms depending on the incident power intensity. The propagation of the elastic waves through anisotropic media is characterized by the well-known Christoffel equation.

Physical Description

11 p.

Notes

OSTI as DE96009777

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  • 98. annual meeting of the American Ceramic Society, Indianapolis, IN (United States), 14-17 Apr 1996

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  • Other: DE96009777
  • Report No.: LA-UR--96-899
  • Report No.: CONF-9604124--1
  • Grant Number: W-7405-ENG-36
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 219493
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc664937

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  • April 1, 1996

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  • June 29, 2015, 9:42 p.m.

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  • June 23, 2016, 10:06 a.m.

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Liu, Y.M.; Mitchell, T.E. & Wadley, H.N.G. Laser-ultrasonic evaluation of damage in unidirectional ceramic matrix composites, article, April 1, 1996; New Mexico. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc664937/: accessed September 21, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.