Thomson scattering stray light reduction techniques using a CCD camera

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The DIII-D Thomson scattering system has been expanded to measure divertor plasma temperatures from 1-500 eV and densities from 0.05 to 8 X 10{sup 20} m{sup -3}. To complete this system, a difficult stray light problem was overcome to allow for an accurate Rayleigh scattering density calibration. The initial stray light levels were over 500 times higher than the expected Rayleigh scattered signal. Using a CCD camera, various portions of the vessel interior were examined while the laser was fired through the vessel in air at atmospheric pressure. Image relaying, exit window tilting, entrance and exit baffle modifications, and a ... continued below

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19 p.

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Nilson, D.G.; Hill, D.N. & Evans, J.C. February 1, 1996.

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The DIII-D Thomson scattering system has been expanded to measure divertor plasma temperatures from 1-500 eV and densities from 0.05 to 8 X 10{sup 20} m{sup -3}. To complete this system, a difficult stray light problem was overcome to allow for an accurate Rayleigh scattering density calibration. The initial stray light levels were over 500 times higher than the expected Rayleigh scattered signal. Using a CCD camera, various portions of the vessel interior were examined while the laser was fired through the vessel in air at atmospheric pressure. Image relaying, exit window tilting, entrance and exit baffle modifications, and a beam polarizer were then used to reduce the stray light to acceptable levels. The CCD camera gave prompt feedback on the effectiveness of each modification, without the need to re-establish vacuum conditions required when using the normal avalanche Photodiode detectors (APD). Once the stray light was sufficiently reduced, the APD detectors provided the signal time history to more accurately identify the source location. We have also found that certain types of high reflectance dielectric coatings produce 10 to 15 times more scatter than other types of more conventional coatings. By using low-scatter mirror coatings and these new stray light reduction techniques, we now have more flexibility in the design of complex Thomson scattering configurations required to probe the central core and the new radiative divertor regions of the DIII-D vessel.

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19 p.

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OSTI as DE96011812

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  • 11. annual high-temperature plasma diagnostics conference, Monterey, CA (United States), 12-16 May 1996

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  • Other: DE96011812
  • Report No.: UCRL-JC--124078
  • Report No.: CONF-960543--6
  • Grant Number: W-7405-ENG-48;AC03-89ER51114
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 243468
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc664545

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  • February 1, 1996

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  • June 29, 2015, 9:42 p.m.

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  • Feb. 23, 2016, 3:46 p.m.

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Nilson, D.G.; Hill, D.N. & Evans, J.C. Thomson scattering stray light reduction techniques using a CCD camera, article, February 1, 1996; California. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc664545/: accessed September 20, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.