Comparison of the 200 hPa circulation in CSM and CCM3 simulations and NCEP and ERA reanalysis: seasonal cycle and interannual variation

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In this paper the monthly mean vorticity and divergence at 200 hPa are compared from four data sources: The NCEP/NCAR reanalyses 1958 through 1994, the ECMWF (ERA) reanalyses, 1979 through 1994, a NCAR CCM3 integration using prescribed SSTs from 1979 through 1993, and the NCAR CSM 300 year integration. The NCEP, ERA and CCM3 all provide data for the period 1979 through1993. The timescales examined are the annual cycle and interannual variations. The annual mean vorticity of the ERA and NCEP match very closely. The annual cycle is likewise close except in the eastern equatorial Pacific and Indian Ocean. Compared ... continued below

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Boyle, J.S. October 8, 1998.

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In this paper the monthly mean vorticity and divergence at 200 hPa are compared from four data sources: The NCEP/NCAR reanalyses 1958 through 1994, the ECMWF (ERA) reanalyses, 1979 through 1994, a NCAR CCM3 integration using prescribed SSTs from 1979 through 1993, and the NCAR CSM 300 year integration. The NCEP, ERA and CCM3 all provide data for the period 1979 through1993. The timescales examined are the annual cycle and interannual variations. The annual mean vorticity of the ERA and NCEP match very closely. The annual cycle is likewise close except in the eastern equatorial Pacific and Indian Ocean. Compared to the reanalyses, the models have adequate annual means but suffer in the depiction of the annual cycle in the regions of the jet maxima and in some regions of the Tropics. The CSM appears to inherit errors from the CCM3 and apparently add some new ones. The annual mean divergence shows a much larger difference between the reanalyses. This is most pronounced in the Tropics especially over the African and South American land masses. The models also show large differences, with the CSM being an outlier in the tropical Pacific. For many tropical and extratropical locations even the annual cycle is not well defined between the NCEP and ERA reanalysis. The NCEP, ERA, CCM3 and CSM agree with respect to the variance of the monthly mean vorticity. The variance for low pass filtered data is too large in the ENSO regions for the CCM3, but too small for the CSM. Both models tend to underestimate the low frequency variance in midlatitudes. The ERA has substantially more monthly variance in the divergence than the NCEP data, especially over the tropical South America and Africa and the dateline. Both models have variance more on the order of the ERA, and have an anomalous maximum in the eastern Indian Ocean, the CSM much more so. The CSM shifts the maxima in the equatorial Pacific from 180 seen in the reanalyses to 150E. If anything the CCM 3 appears to be too sensitive to SST anomalies, which exacerbates the poor ocean simulation in the tropical Pacific. There are errors in the CCM3 integration which foreshadow, deficiencies in the CSM integration, so the ocean is not solely at fault. The amount of disagreement between the ERA and NCEP divergence fields on the time scales of the annual cycle and low frequency variations indicates that this field is poorly defined, and in some regions unknown

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  • Other Information: PBD: 8 Oct 1998

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  • Report No.: UCRL-ID-132138
  • Report No.: KP1201010
  • Grant Number: W-7405-ENG-48
  • DOI: 10.2172/2876 | External Link
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 2876
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc664331

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  • October 8, 1998

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  • June 29, 2015, 9:42 p.m.

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Boyle, J.S. Comparison of the 200 hPa circulation in CSM and CCM3 simulations and NCEP and ERA reanalysis: seasonal cycle and interannual variation, report, October 8, 1998; California. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc664331/: accessed August 16, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.