Point Defects in Binary Laves-Phase Alloys

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Point defects in the binary C15 NbCrQ and NbCoz, and C 14 NbFe2 systems on both sides of stoichiometry were studied by both bulk density and X-ray Iattiee parameter measurements. It was found that the vacancy concentrations in these systems after quenching from 1000"C are essentially zero. The constitutional defects on both sides of stoichiometry for these systems were found to be of the anti-site type in comparison with the model predictions. Thermal vacancies exhibiting a maximum at the stoichiometric composition were obtained in NbCr2 Laves phase alloys after quenching from 1400"C. However, there are essentially no thermal vacancies in ... continued below

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38 Pages

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Liaw, P.K.; Liu, C.T.; Pike, L.M. & Zhu, J.H. January 11, 1999.

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Description

Point defects in the binary C15 NbCrQ and NbCoz, and C 14 NbFe2 systems on both sides of stoichiometry were studied by both bulk density and X-ray Iattiee parameter measurements. It was found that the vacancy concentrations in these systems after quenching from 1000"C are essentially zero. The constitutional defects on both sides of stoichiometry for these systems were found to be of the anti-site type in comparison with the model predictions. Thermal vacancies exhibiting a maximum at the stoichiometric composition were obtained in NbCr2 Laves phase alloys after quenching from 1400"C. However, there are essentially no thermal vacancies in NbFe2 alloys after quenching from 1300oC. Anti-site hardening was found on both sides of stoichiometry for all the tie Laves phase systems studied, while the thermal vacancies in NbCr2 alloys quenched from 1400'C were found to soften the Laves phase. The anti-site hardening of the Laves phases is similar to that of the B2 compounds and the thermal vacancy softening is unique to the Laves phase. Neither the anti-site defects nor the thermal vacancies affect the fracture toughness of the Laves phases significantly.

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38 Pages

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  • Other: DE00002723
  • Report No.: ORNL/Sub/93-SP173/03
  • Grant Number: AC05-96OR22464
  • DOI: 10.2172/2723 | External Link
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 2723
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc664016

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  • January 11, 1999

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  • June 29, 2015, 9:42 p.m.

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  • Nov. 17, 2015, 6:36 p.m.

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Liaw, P.K.; Liu, C.T.; Pike, L.M. & Zhu, J.H. Point Defects in Binary Laves-Phase Alloys, report, January 11, 1999; United States. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc664016/: accessed September 24, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.