An Experimental Investigation of the Flow of Air in a Flat Broadening Channel

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The wide use of diffusers, in various fields of technology, has resulted in several experimental projects to study the action and design of diffusers. Most of the projects dealt with steam (steam turbine nozzles). But diffusers have other applications - that is, ventilators, smoke ducts, air coolers, refrigeration, drying, and so forth. At present there is another application for diffusers in wind-tunnel design. Because of higher requirements and increased power of such installations more attention must be paid to the correctness of work and the decrease in losses due to every section of the tunnel. A diffuser, being one of ... continued below

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Vedernikoff, A. N. January 1, 1944.

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This report is part of the collection entitled: National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics Collection and one other and was provided by UNT Libraries Government Documents Department to Digital Library, a digital repository hosted by the UNT Libraries. It has been viewed 32 times . More information about this report can be viewed below.

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  • Main Title: An Experimental Investigation of the Flow of Air in a Flat Broadening Channel
  • Series Title: NACA Technical Memorandums

Description

The wide use of diffusers, in various fields of technology, has resulted in several experimental projects to study the action and design of diffusers. Most of the projects dealt with steam (steam turbine nozzles). But diffusers have other applications - that is, ventilators, smoke ducts, air coolers, refrigeration, drying, and so forth. At present there is another application for diffusers in wind-tunnel design. Because of higher requirements and increased power of such installations more attention must be paid to the correctness of work and the decrease in losses due to every section of the tunnel. A diffuser, being one of the component parts of a tunnel , can in the event of faulty construction introduce considerable losses. Therefore, in the design of the new CAHI wind tunnel, it was suggested that an experimental study of diffusers be made, with a view to applying the results to wind tunnels. The experiments conducted by K. K. Baulin in the laboratories of CAHI upon models of diffusers of different cross sections, lengths, and angles of divergence, were a valuable source of experimental data. They were of no help, however, in reaching any conclusion regarding the optimum shape because of the complexity and diversity of the factors which all appeared simultaneously, thereby precluding the.study of the effects of any one factor separately. On the suggestion of the director of the CAHI,Prof. B. N. Ureff, it was decided to experiment on a two-dimensional diffuser model and determine the effect, of the angle of divergence. The author is acquainted with two experimental projects of like nature: the first was conducted with water, the other with air. The first of these works, although containing a wealth of experimental data, does not indicate the nature of flow or its relation to the angle of divergence. The second work is limited to four angles - that is, 12 deg, 24 deg, 45 deg, 90 deg. The study of this diffuser did not supply any information about the effect of smaller angles which, because of their advantages, are more commonly used, The author was able to acquaint himself with the second work only after the experiments were started. For these reasons, as well as because on the basis of those works no conclusion can be reached regarding the nature of flow distribution, of eddies, and so forth, experimental work was continued. The need for determining flow patterns follows from the fact that from them are determined methods of measurement - that is, the determination of velocities by means of the pitot tube, which, as is well known, gives correct indications only when placed with its axis parallel to the axis of flow. The data contained in this report were obtained from experiments conducted by the Aerodynamical Laboratories of the CAHI. The solutions to some. of the mathematical problems connected with the experiments are due to Prof. S. A, Chapligin.

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  • Report of the Central Aero-Hydrodynamical Inst., Moscow; Rept-21

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  • URL: http://hdl.handle.net/2060/20050028474 External Link
  • Report No.: NACA-TM-1059
  • Center for AeroSpace Information Number: 20050028474
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc64553

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National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics Collection

The National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics (NACA) was a U.S. federal agency founded on March 3, 1915 to undertake, promote, and institutionalize aeronautical research. On October 1, 1958 the agency was dissolved, and its assets and personnel transferred to the newly created National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA).

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Creation Date

  • January 1, 1944

Added to The UNT Digital Library

  • Nov. 17, 2011, 5:13 p.m.

Description Last Updated

  • Feb. 6, 2017, 4:15 p.m.

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Vedernikoff, A. N. An Experimental Investigation of the Flow of Air in a Flat Broadening Channel, report, January 1, 1944; (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc64553/: accessed December 13, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.