Simulated Altitude Performance of Combustor of Westinghouse 19XB-1 Jet-Propulsion Engine

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Description

A 19XB-1 combustor was operated under conditions simulating zero-ram operation of the 19XB-1 turbojet engine at various altitudes and engine speeds. The combustion efficiencies and the altitude operational limits were determined; data were also obtained on the character of the combustion, the pressure drop through the combustor, and the combustor-outlet temperature and velocity profiles. At altitudes about 10,000 feet below the operational limits, the flames were yellow and steady and the temperature rise through the combustor increased with fuel-air ratio throughout the range of fuel-air ratios investigated. At altitudes near the operational limits, the flames were blue and flickering and ... continued below

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Childs, J. Howard & McCafferty, Richard J. November 30, 1948.

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This report is part of the collection entitled: National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics Collection and one other and was provided by UNT Libraries Government Documents Department to Digital Library, a digital repository hosted by the UNT Libraries. It has been viewed 40 times . More information about this report can be viewed below.

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  • Main Title: Simulated Altitude Performance of Combustor of Westinghouse 19XB-1 Jet-Propulsion Engine
  • Series Title: NACA Research Memorandums

Description

A 19XB-1 combustor was operated under conditions simulating zero-ram operation of the 19XB-1 turbojet engine at various altitudes and engine speeds. The combustion efficiencies and the altitude operational limits were determined; data were also obtained on the character of the combustion, the pressure drop through the combustor, and the combustor-outlet temperature and velocity profiles. At altitudes about 10,000 feet below the operational limits, the flames were yellow and steady and the temperature rise through the combustor increased with fuel-air ratio throughout the range of fuel-air ratios investigated. At altitudes near the operational limits, the flames were blue and flickering and the combustor was sluggish in its response to changes in fuel flow. At these high altitudes, the temperature rise through the combustor increased very slowly as the fuel flow was increased and attained a maximum at a fuel-air ratio much leaner than the over-all stoichiometric; further increases in fuel flow resulted in decreased values of combustor temperature rise and increased resonance until a rich-limit blow-out occurred. The approximate operational ceiling of the engine as determined by the combustor, using AN-F-28, Amendment-3, fuel, was 30,400 feet at a simulated engine speed of 7500 rpm and increased as the engine speed was increased. At an engine speed of 16,000 rpm, the operational ceiling was approximately 48,000 feet. Throughout the range of simulated altitudes and engine speeds investigated, the combustion efficiency increased with increasing engine speed and with decreasing altitude. The combustion efficiency varied from over 99 percent at operating conditions simulating high engine speed and low altitude operation to less than 50 percent at conditions simulating operation at altitudes near the operational limits. The isothermal total pressure drop through the combustor was 1.82 times as great as the inlet dynamic pressure. As expected from theoretical considerations, a straight-line correlation was obtained when the ratio of the combustor total pressure drop to the combustor-inlet dynamic pressure was plotted as a function of the ratio of the combustor-inlet air density to the combustor-outlet gas density. The combustor-outlet temperature profiles were, in general, more uniform for runs in which the temperature rise was low and the combustion efficiency was high. Inspection of the combustor basket after 36 hours of operation showed very little deterioration and no appreciable carbon deposits.

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  • URL: http://hdl.handle.net/2060/20030065290 External Link
  • Report No.: NACA-RM-E8J29
  • Center for AeroSpace Information Number: 20030065290
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc63928

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National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics Collection

The National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics (NACA) was a U.S. federal agency founded on March 3, 1915 to undertake, promote, and institutionalize aeronautical research. On October 1, 1958 the agency was dissolved, and its assets and personnel transferred to the newly created National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA).

Technical Report Archive and Image Library

This selection of materials from the Technical Report Archive and Image Library (TRAIL) includes hard-to-find reports published by various government agencies. The technical publications contain reports, images, and technical descriptions of research performed for U.S. government agencies. Topics range from mining, desalination, and radiation to broader physics, biology, and chemistry studies. Some reports include maps, foldouts, blueprints, and other oversize materials.

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Creation Date

  • November 30, 1948

Added to The UNT Digital Library

  • Nov. 17, 2011, 5:13 p.m.

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  • Jan. 30, 2017, 3:41 p.m.

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Childs, J. Howard & McCafferty, Richard J. Simulated Altitude Performance of Combustor of Westinghouse 19XB-1 Jet-Propulsion Engine, report, November 30, 1948; (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc63928/: accessed April 19, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.