Farm dairy houses. Page: 2
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FARMERS BULLETIN 1214
such a house is believed to be cheapest over a long period of years,
for it requires few repairs and little painting. Wood or a combination
of wood and the above-mentioned materials may be used. The
roof may be covered with slate, asbestos shingles, tile, prepared roofing,
wooden shingles, or metal. Any of these materials may be used
in the following plans if due allowance is made for the different
thicknesses of walls when different materials are used. Outside walls
should be of approximately the following thicknesses: Concrete, 6
to 8 inches; brick, 9 inches; tile, 8 inches; stone, 14 to 18 inches;
cement block, 8 inches; and frame, 6 inches.
Concrete is by far the best material for milk-house floors, as it
resists moisture, decay, and wear. Concrete floors should be built
on a base about 5 inches thick, made up of 1 part cement, 3 parts
sharp, clean sand, and 5 parts crushed stone or gravel covered with
a top coat 1 inch thick made by mixing 1 part cement and 2 parts
sand. The top coat should be troweled hard and smooth. The whole
floor should be pitched at least one-fourth inch to the foot toward
one or more large bell traps, so that it will drain thoroughly. Tile
makes a very satisfactory floor. It is smooth, easily cleaned, and
withstands the handling of cans, but is more expensive than concrete
and the joints have to be retarred every three to five years.
Cement plaster (1 part cement to 3 parts sand) makes the best inside
finish. It can be applied directly to walls composed of stone,
tile, concrete, brick, or cement blocks. In a frame house it is necessary
to plaster on expanded metal lath. Dressed tongue-and-groove
lumber may be used for inside finish, but its life is not so long as
that of other materials. Interior walls should be kept thoroughly
covered with a good white enamel paint.
Door knobs should be preferably of porcelain or china. Other
hardware should be of high grade so that moisture will affect it as
little as possible.
All milk houses should have plenty of sunlight, well distributed.
Window-glass surface equivalent to at least 10 per cent of the floor
area is recommended. Counterbalanced or sliding sash should be
used so that screens may be placed outside without interfering with
the operation of the windows.
Steam and water are apt to make the dairy house damp, hastening
deterioration and favoring the growth of mold and bacteria.
Odors are also likely to arise from spilled milk. Proper ventilation
is necessary to keep the air dry and sweet. In some climates ventilation
can be obtained by such openings as doors and windows, but in
most localities some other means are necessary. Sometimes a ventilating
flue is desirable. It should run from the ceiling through the
peak of the roof, the outer opening being shielded to keep out rain
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Kelly, Ernest, 1883-; Parks, K. E. (Karl Eaton) & Hotis, Ralph P., 1890-1935. Farm dairy houses., book, 1938; Washington D.C.. (https://digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc6349/m1/4/: accessed May 20, 2019), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, https://digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.