Landfarming of municipal sewage sludge at Oak Ridge, Tennessee

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Description

The City of Oak Ridge, Tennessee, has been applying municipal sanitary sludge to 9 sites comprising 90 ha on the US Department of Energy (DOE) Oak Ridge Reservation (ORR) since 1983. Approximately 13,000,000 L are applied annually by spraying sludge (2 to 3% solids) under pressure from a tanker. Under an ongoing monitoring program, both the sludge and the soil in the application areas are analyzed for organic, inorganic, and radioactive parameters on a regular basis. Organic pollutants are analyzed in sludge on a semiannual basis and in the soil application areas on an annual basis. Inorganic parameters are analyzed ... continued below

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10 p.

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Tischler, M. L.; Pergler, C.; Wilson, M.; Mabry, D. & Stephenson, M. December 1995.

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Description

The City of Oak Ridge, Tennessee, has been applying municipal sanitary sludge to 9 sites comprising 90 ha on the US Department of Energy (DOE) Oak Ridge Reservation (ORR) since 1983. Approximately 13,000,000 L are applied annually by spraying sludge (2 to 3% solids) under pressure from a tanker. Under an ongoing monitoring program, both the sludge and the soil in the application areas are analyzed for organic, inorganic, and radioactive parameters on a regular basis. Organic pollutants are analyzed in sludge on a semiannual basis and in the soil application areas on an annual basis. Inorganic parameters are analyzed daily (e.g., pH, total solids) or monthly (e.g., nitrogen, manganese) in sludge and annually in soil in application areas. Radionuclides (Co-60, Cs-137, I-131, Be-7, K-40, Ra-228, U-235, U-238) are scanned daily during application by the sewage treatment plant and analyzed weekly in composite sludge samples and annually in soil. Additionally, data on radioactive body burden for maximally exposed workers who apply the sludge show no detectable exposures. This monitoring program is comprehensive and is one of the few in the United States that analyzes radionuclides. Results from the monitoring program show heavy metals and radionuclides are not accumulating to levels in the soil application areas.

Physical Description

10 p.

Notes

OSTI as DE96003051

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  • 3. international in situ and on-site bioreclamation symposium, San Diego, CA (United States), 24-27 Apr 1995

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  • Other: DE96003051
  • Report No.: CONF-950483--9
  • Grant Number: AC05-84OR21400
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 164908
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc628583

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Office of Scientific & Technical Information Technical Reports

Reports, articles and other documents harvested from the Office of Scientific and Technical Information.

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI) is the Department of Energy (DOE) office that collects, preserves, and disseminates DOE-sponsored research and development (R&D) results that are the outcomes of R&D projects or other funded activities at DOE labs and facilities nationwide and grantees at universities and other institutions.

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  • December 1995

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  • June 16, 2015, 7:43 a.m.

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  • Dec. 7, 2015, 6:05 p.m.

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Tischler, M. L.; Pergler, C.; Wilson, M.; Mabry, D. & Stephenson, M. Landfarming of municipal sewage sludge at Oak Ridge, Tennessee, article, December 1995; Tennessee. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc628583/: accessed December 12, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.