Neutron spectra at different High Flux Isotope Reactor (HFIR) pressure vessel surveillance locations

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Description

This project addresses the potential problem of radiation embrittlement of reactor pressure vessel (RPV) supports. Surveillance specimens irradiated at the High Flux Isotope Reactor (HFIR) at relatively low neutron flux levels (about 1.5E + 8 cm{sup {minus}2}.s{sup {minus}1}) and low temperatures (about 50{degrees}C) showed embrittlement more rapidly than expected. Commercial power reactors have similar flux levels and temperatures at the level vessel support structures. The purposes of this work are to provide the neutron fluence spectra data that are needed to evaluate previously measured mechanical property changes in the HFIR, to explain the discrepancies in neutron flux levels between the ... continued below

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Medium: P; Size: 118 p.

Creation Information

Remec, I. & Kam, F.B. December 1, 1993.

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This report is part of the collection entitled: Office of Scientific & Technical Information Technical Reports and was provided by UNT Libraries Government Documents Department to Digital Library, a digital repository hosted by the UNT Libraries. It has been viewed 13 times . More information about this report can be viewed below.

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  • Remec, I. Josef Sefan Inst., Ljubljana (Slovenia)
  • Kam, F.B. Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States)

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Description

This project addresses the potential problem of radiation embrittlement of reactor pressure vessel (RPV) supports. Surveillance specimens irradiated at the High Flux Isotope Reactor (HFIR) at relatively low neutron flux levels (about 1.5E + 8 cm{sup {minus}2}.s{sup {minus}1}) and low temperatures (about 50{degrees}C) showed embrittlement more rapidly than expected. Commercial power reactors have similar flux levels and temperatures at the level vessel support structures. The purposes of this work are to provide the neutron fluence spectra data that are needed to evaluate previously measured mechanical property changes in the HFIR, to explain the discrepancies in neutron flux levels between the nickel dosimeters and two other dosimeters, neptunium and beryllium, and to address any questions or peculiarities of the HFIR reactor environment. The current work consists of neutron and gamma transport calculations, dosimetry measurements, and least-squares logarithmic adjustment to obtain the best estimates for the neutron spectra and the related neutron exposure parameters. The results indicate that the fission rates in neptunium-237 (Np-237) and uranium-238 (U-238) and the helium production rates in beryllium-9 (Be-9) are dominated by photo-induced reactions. The displacements per atom rate for iron (dpa/s) from gamma rays is five times higher than the dpa/s from neutrons. The neutron fluxes in key 7, position 5 do not show any significant gradient in the surveillance capsule, but key 4 and key 2 showed differences in magnitude as well as in the shape of the spectrum. The stainless steel monitor in the V-notch of the Charpy specimens of the surveillance capsules is adequate to determine the neutron flux above 1.0 MeV at the desired V-notch location. Simultaneous adjustment of neutron and gamma fluxes with the measurements has been demonstrated and should avoid future problems with photo-induced reactions.

Physical Description

Medium: P; Size: 118 p.

Notes

INIS; OSTI as TI94005266

Source

  • Other Information: PBD: Dec 1993

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  • Other: TI94005266
  • Report No.: NUREG/CR--6117
  • Report No.: ORNL/TM--12484
  • Grant Number: AC05-84OR21400
  • DOI: 10.2172/140411 | External Link
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 140411
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc628454

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Office of Scientific & Technical Information Technical Reports

Reports, articles and other documents harvested from the Office of Scientific and Technical Information.

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI) is the Department of Energy (DOE) office that collects, preserves, and disseminates DOE-sponsored research and development (R&D) results that are the outcomes of R&D projects or other funded activities at DOE labs and facilities nationwide and grantees at universities and other institutions.

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Creation Date

  • December 1, 1993

Added to The UNT Digital Library

  • June 16, 2015, 7:43 a.m.

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  • Aug. 3, 2016, 1:52 p.m.

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Remec, I. & Kam, F.B. Neutron spectra at different High Flux Isotope Reactor (HFIR) pressure vessel surveillance locations, report, December 1, 1993; United States. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc628454/: accessed October 17, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.