Optically-based array sensors for selective in situ analysis of tank waste. 1998 annual progress report

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'The objective of this research program is to conduct the fundamental research necessary to develop an array of chemically selective sensors, based on highly selective molecular recognition agents and highly sensitive fluorescence and/or phosphorescence techniques, that can be coupled to fiber optics for remote analytical applications. These sensors will be of great value to DOE for the safe and cost-effective in situ characterization of high level waste tanks. Characterization of high level tank waste currently entails obtaining and analyzing core samples at the cost of about $1 million per sample. The ability to detect and measure specific chemicals and radionuclides ... continued below

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Brown, G.M.; Dabestani, R.; Bonnesen, P.V. & Walt, D.R. June 1, 1998.

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'The objective of this research program is to conduct the fundamental research necessary to develop an array of chemically selective sensors, based on highly selective molecular recognition agents and highly sensitive fluorescence and/or phosphorescence techniques, that can be coupled to fiber optics for remote analytical applications. These sensors will be of great value to DOE for the safe and cost-effective in situ characterization of high level waste tanks. Characterization of high level tank waste currently entails obtaining and analyzing core samples at the cost of about $1 million per sample. The ability to detect and measure specific chemicals and radionuclides directly inside a high level waste tank using a remote sensing device could result in considerable benefits with regard to both cost savings and safety issues. This multidisciplinary approach to the design of sensors will be to immobilize agents for selective molecular recognition, chosen from solvent extraction processes, in an organic polymer matrix that mimics the organic medium in an aqueous-nonaqueous extraction. In this manner the matrix will enhance both the separation and the achievement of chemical selectivity. Good progress has been made in the first nine months of this project. Calix[4]bis-crown-6-ethers in the 1,3-alternate conformation have been shown to possess a high degree of selectivity for cesium over sodium (Cs/Na selectivity > 104 in selected diluents), and moderate selectivity over potassium (Cs/K selectivity of about 102 in selected diluents). The work has involved the preparation of a new class of calixarene-based ionophores. Of particular interest within this class of compounds are various derivatives of calix[4]arene-crown-4, -crown-5, and -crown-6 ionophores, possessing high selectivities for sodium, potassium, and cesium, respectively. The goal is to synthetically modify the ionophore by attaching a fluorescent probe molecule to the crown ring in such a manner that fluorescence is normally quenched by photoinduced electron transfer but becomes activated upon complexation of the metal ion. The concept has been evaluated by observing the fluorescence quenching (of the naphthylene group) following Cs{sup +} complexation of the ligand calix[4]-bis-(2,3-naphtho-crown-6). The authors are investigating potential fluorescence turn-on groups in simple crown ethers as a model for the behavior to be expected in calix crowns. They have investigated the fluorescence enhancement following metal ion complexation for the 9-methylanthracene derivative of dibenzo-21-crown-7. The degree of enhancement was disappointing, and they are preparing the 9-methyl-10-cyanoanthracene derivative, which is expected to show a greater signal enhancement. Other attractive fluorescence turn-on groups are under investigation. N-1-pyrenylmethyl-monoaza-18-crown-6 and N-(1-pyrenyl-4-butyl)monoaza-18-crown-6 were synthesized by the reaction of the appropriate bromo-pyrene derivatives with aza-18- crown-6. The compound with one carbon atom separating the aza nitrogen and the pyrene shows relatively weak fluorescence in the absence of metal ion complexation. In the presence of K{sup +} the fluorescence is enhanced by a factor of 4. The derivative with four carbon atoms shows little quenching or metal ion enhancement. The rate of photoincuced electron transfer quenching is apparently very sensitive to the number of carbon atoms separating the fluorophore and the quencher.'

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  • Other: DE00013460
  • Report No.: EMSP-60217--98
  • Grant Number: NONE
  • DOI: 10.2172/13460 | External Link
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 13460
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc628144

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  • June 1, 1998

Added to The UNT Digital Library

  • June 16, 2015, 7:43 a.m.

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  • June 13, 2016, 6:15 p.m.

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Brown, G.M.; Dabestani, R.; Bonnesen, P.V. & Walt, D.R. Optically-based array sensors for selective in situ analysis of tank waste. 1998 annual progress report, report, June 1, 1998; Tennessee. (https://digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc628144/: accessed May 20, 2019), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, https://digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.