Heavy-ion irradiation induced diamond formation in carbonaceous materials.

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The basic mechanisms of metastable phase formation produced under highly non-equilibrium thermodynamic conditions within high-energy particle tracks are investigated. In particular, the possible formation of diamond by heavy-ion irradiation of graphite at ambient temperature is examined. This work was motivated, in part, by earlier studies which discovered nanometer-grain polycrystalline diamond aggregates of submicron-size in uranium-rich carbonaceous mineral assemblages of Precambrian age. It was proposed that the radioactive decay of uranium formed diamond in the fission particle tracks produced in the carbonaceous minerals. To test the hypothesis that nanodiamonds can form by ion irradiation, fine-grain polycrystalline graphite sheets were irradiated with ... continued below

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9 p.

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Daulton, T. L. January 8, 1999.

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Description

The basic mechanisms of metastable phase formation produced under highly non-equilibrium thermodynamic conditions within high-energy particle tracks are investigated. In particular, the possible formation of diamond by heavy-ion irradiation of graphite at ambient temperature is examined. This work was motivated, in part, by earlier studies which discovered nanometer-grain polycrystalline diamond aggregates of submicron-size in uranium-rich carbonaceous mineral assemblages of Precambrian age. It was proposed that the radioactive decay of uranium formed diamond in the fission particle tracks produced in the carbonaceous minerals. To test the hypothesis that nanodiamonds can form by ion irradiation, fine-grain polycrystalline graphite sheets were irradiated with 400 MeV Kr ions. The ion irradiated graphite (and unirradiated graphite control) were then subjected to acid dissolution treatments to remove the graphite and isolate any diamonds that were produced. The acid residues were then characterized by analytical and high-resolution transmission electron microscopy. The acid residues of the ion-irradiated graphite were found to contain ppm concentrations of nanodiamonds, suggesting that ion irradiation of bulk graphite at ambient temperature can produce diamond.

Physical Description

9 p.

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INIS; OSTI as DE00011210

Medium: P; Size: 9 pages

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  • Materials Research Society 1998 Fall Meeting, Boston, MA (US), 11/30/1998--12/04/1998

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  • Report No.: ANL/MSD/CP-98155
  • Grant Number: W-31109-ENG-38
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 11210
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc627540

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  • January 8, 1999

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  • June 16, 2015, 7:43 a.m.

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  • April 11, 2017, 8:17 p.m.

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Daulton, T. L. Heavy-ion irradiation induced diamond formation in carbonaceous materials., article, January 8, 1999; Illinois. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc627540/: accessed December 12, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.