Managing farm fishponds for bass and bluegills. Page: 2
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less fish. And the watershed above
the pond should be protected with
soil conservation measures that control
erosion and runoff.
A high-yielding fishpond is a com.rn
bination of the water's natural productivity,
added fertility when
needed, and man's management.
Your pond can be one that is easy
to manage or one that cannot be
managed well with any amount of
effort. The difference is in the site
you select and the way you build
ically. Too much water washes the
fertilized water out through the spillway.
A site where water can be impounded
successfully. Sufficient depth for the
pond, suitable soil, and a good site
for the dam are necessary factors.
In the South, a depth of 4 feet is
sufficient if the water level can be
expected to remain constant, but 6
feet or more is usually better. In the
Central States, a pond should be 8
to 10 feet deep. In the North, make
UPSTREAM SLOPE .
Build a safe dam.
the pond and stock it. After that,
good management is the key to successful
production of bass and bluegills-and
to satisfactory fishing-in
your farm or ranch pond.
Selecting the Site
There are two important things to
consider when you select a fishpond
A watershed of favorable size. A
site for a good fishpond has a relatively
small watershed from which
little runoff water and silt will enter
the pond. There must be a satisfactory
supply of water-a small
spring flow or enough silt-free runoff
to fill the pond and replenish the
water lost by seepage and evaporation.
Be sure there is enough water
to fill the pond in a year or less. On
the other hand, if the flow is so large
that it fills the pond in less than a
month, you cannot fertilize it econom2
it still deeper to protect the fish from
freezing in winter.
Before you build a pond, make
sure your soil will hold water against
excessive seepage. The soil must be
suitable for the pond bottom as well
as for the dam. Your local soil conservation
district will help you check
your watershed and select a suitable
Building the Pond
The best ponds require careful
attention to the items that follow.
Your local soil conservation district
technician will help you with them.
A safe dam has a top width of at
least 10 feet. This width makes the
dam safe from muskrats which are
likely to burrow into it. And it gives
a good roadway for crossing. A safe
dam must also have adequate bottom
width, side slopes, and height above
water. These depend on kind of soil,
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Davison, Verne E. (Verne Elbert), 1904-. Managing farm fishponds for bass and bluegills., book, 1955; Washington D.C.. (https://digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc6269/m1/4/?q=farm: accessed April 24, 2019), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, https://digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.