Distribution and chemistry of fracture-lining zeolites at Yucca Mountain, Nevada

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Yucca Mountain, a > 1.5-km thick sequence of tuffs and subordinate lavas in southwest Nevada, is being investigated as a potential high-level nuclear waste repository site. Fracture-lining minerals are possible sources of information on past transport within the tuffs, and they may act as natural barriers to radionuclide migration along the fractures. Cores from several drill holes were examined to determine the distribution and chemistry of zeolite minerals in fractures. Fracture-lining minerals in the Paintbrush Tuff are highly variable in distribution, both vertically and laterally across the mountain, with mordenite, heulandite, and stellerite widespread in fractures even though the tuff ... continued below

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38 p.

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Carlos, B.; Chipera, S.; Bish, D. & Raymond, R. September 1, 1993.

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Yucca Mountain, a > 1.5-km thick sequence of tuffs and subordinate lavas in southwest Nevada, is being investigated as a potential high-level nuclear waste repository site. Fracture-lining minerals are possible sources of information on past transport within the tuffs, and they may act as natural barriers to radionuclide migration along the fractures. Cores from several drill holes were examined to determine the distribution and chemistry of zeolite minerals in fractures. Fracture-lining minerals in the Paintbrush Tuff are highly variable in distribution, both vertically and laterally across the mountain, with mordenite, heulandite, and stellerite widespread in fractures even though the tuff matrix is generally devitrified and not zeolitic. Where heulandite occurs as both tabular and prismatic crystals in the same fracture, the two morphologies have different compositions, suggesting multiple episodes of zeolite formation within the fractures. In contrast to the Paintbrush Tuff, fractures in the Calico Hills Formation and the Crater Flat Tuff generally contain abundant clinoptilolite and mordenite only where the matrix is zeolitic, although mordenite does occur as fracture linings in some devitrified intervals of the Crater Flat Tuff as well. The fracture-lining zeolites correlate with the degree of alteration of the zeolitic tuffs, with clinoptilolite plus mordenite in tuffs containing clinoptilolite, and analcime in fractures limited to tuff intervals containing analcime. These data suggest that fracture-lining zeolite formation may have been coincident with the original alteration of the tuffs.

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38 p.

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INIS; OSTI as DE93040090

Source

  • Zeolite 93: 4th international conference on the occurrence, properties, and utilization of natural zeolites, Boise, ID (United States), 20-28 Jun 1993

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  • Other: DE93040090
  • Report No.: LA-UR--93-2882
  • Report No.: CONF-9306100--6
  • Grant Number: W-7405-ENG-36
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 139549
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc625883

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  • September 1, 1993

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  • June 16, 2015, 7:43 a.m.

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  • Feb. 29, 2016, 2:09 p.m.

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Carlos, B.; Chipera, S.; Bish, D. & Raymond, R. Distribution and chemistry of fracture-lining zeolites at Yucca Mountain, Nevada, article, September 1, 1993; New Mexico. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc625883/: accessed October 18, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.