High power density self-cooled lithium-vanadium blanket.

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Description

A self-cooled lithium-vanadium blanket concept capable of operating with 2 MW/m{sup 2} surface heat flux and 10 MW/m{sup 2} neutron wall loading has been developed. The blanket has liquid lithium as the tritium breeder and the coolant to alleviate issues of coolant breeder compatibility and reactivity. Vanadium alloy (V-4Cr-4Ti) is used as the structural material because it can accommodate high heat loads. Also, it has good mechanical properties at high temperatures, high neutron fluence capability, low degradation under neutron irradiation, good compatibility with the blanket materials, low decay heat, low waste disposal rating, and adequate strength to accommodate the electromagnetic ... continued below

Physical Description

21 p.

Creation Information

Gohar, Y.; Majumdar, S. & Smith, D. July 1, 1999.

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Description

A self-cooled lithium-vanadium blanket concept capable of operating with 2 MW/m{sup 2} surface heat flux and 10 MW/m{sup 2} neutron wall loading has been developed. The blanket has liquid lithium as the tritium breeder and the coolant to alleviate issues of coolant breeder compatibility and reactivity. Vanadium alloy (V-4Cr-4Ti) is used as the structural material because it can accommodate high heat loads. Also, it has good mechanical properties at high temperatures, high neutron fluence capability, low degradation under neutron irradiation, good compatibility with the blanket materials, low decay heat, low waste disposal rating, and adequate strength to accommodate the electromagnetic loads during plasma disruption events. Self-healing electrical insulator (CaO) is utilized to reduce the MHD pressure drop. A poloidal coolant flow with high velocity at the first wall is used to reduce the peak temperature of the vanadium structure and to accommodate high surface heat flux. The blanket has a simple blanket configuration and low coolant pressure to reduce the fabrication cost, to improve the blanket reliability, and to increase confidence in the blanket performance. Spectral shifter, moderator, and reflector are utilized to improve the blanket shielding capability and energy multiplication, and to reduce the radial blanket thickness. Natural lithium is used to avoid extra cost related to the lithium enrichment process.

Physical Description

21 p.

Notes

OSTI as DE00012426

Medium: P; Size: 21 pages

Source

  • 5th International Symposium on Fusion Nuclear Technology, Rome (IT), 09/19/1999--09/24/1999

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  • Report No.: ANL/TD/CP-98294
  • Grant Number: W-31109-ENG-38
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 12426
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc625817

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Creation Date

  • July 1, 1999

Added to The UNT Digital Library

  • June 16, 2015, 7:43 a.m.

Description Last Updated

  • April 7, 2017, 7:21 p.m.

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Gohar, Y.; Majumdar, S. & Smith, D. High power density self-cooled lithium-vanadium blanket., article, July 1, 1999; Illinois. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc625817/: accessed September 22, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.