Radionuclide contaminant analysis of small mammals at Area G, TA-54, 1994

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Small mammals were sampled at two waste burial sites (1 and 2) at Area G, TA-54 and a control site outside Area G (Site 3) to identify radionuclides that are present within surface and subsurface soils at waste burial sites, to compare the amount of radionuclide uptake by small mammals at waste burial sites to a control site, and to identify the primary mode of contamination to small mammals, either through surface contact or ingestion/inhalation. Three composite samples of at least five animals per sample were collected at each site. Pelts and carcasses of each animal were separated and analyzed ... continued below

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34 p.

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Biggs, J.; Bennett, K. & Fresquez, P. September 1, 1995.

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Small mammals were sampled at two waste burial sites (1 and 2) at Area G, TA-54 and a control site outside Area G (Site 3) to identify radionuclides that are present within surface and subsurface soils at waste burial sites, to compare the amount of radionuclide uptake by small mammals at waste burial sites to a control site, and to identify the primary mode of contamination to small mammals, either through surface contact or ingestion/inhalation. Three composite samples of at least five animals per sample were collected at each site. Pelts and carcasses of each animal were separated and analyzed independently. Samples were analyzed for {sup 241}Am, {sup 90}Sr, {sup 238}Pu, {sup 239}Pu, total U, and gamma spectroscopy (including {sup 137}Cs). Significantly higher (parametric t-test at p = 0.05) levels of total U, {sup 241}Am, {sup 238}Pu, {sup 239}Pu, and {sup 40}K were detected in pelts as compared to the carcasses of small mammals at TA-54. Concentrations of other measured radionuclides in carcasses were nearly equal to or exceeded the mean concentrations in the pelts. The authors results show higher concentrations in pelts compared to carcasses which is similar to what has been found at waste burial/contaminated sites outside of Los Alamos National Laboratory. Site 1 had significantly higher (alpha = 0.05, F = 0.0095) total U concentrations in carcasses than Sites 2 and 3. Site 2 had significantly higher (alpha = 0.05, F = 0.0195) {sup 239}Pu concentrations in carcasses than either Site 1 or Site 3. A significant difference in {sup 90}Sr concentration existed between Sites 1 and 2 (alpha = 0.05, F = 0.0681) and concentrations of {sup 40}K at Site 1 were significantly different from Site 3.

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34 p.

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INIS; OSTI as DE96000058

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  • Other Information: PBD: Sep 1995

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  • Other: DE96000058
  • Report No.: LA--13015-MS
  • Grant Number: W-7405-ENG-36
  • DOI: 10.2172/106543 | External Link
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 106543
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc625503

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  • September 1, 1995

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  • June 16, 2015, 7:43 a.m.

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  • Feb. 26, 2016, 3:58 p.m.

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Biggs, J.; Bennett, K. & Fresquez, P. Radionuclide contaminant analysis of small mammals at Area G, TA-54, 1994, report, September 1, 1995; New Mexico. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc625503/: accessed October 19, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.