A repository released-dose model for the evaluation of long-lived fission product transmutation effectiveness

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A methodology has been developed to quantify the total integrated dose due to a radionuclide species i emplaced in a geologic repository; the focus is on the seven long-lived fission products (LLFPs). The methodology assumes continuous exposure water contaminated with species i at the accessible environment (i.e., just beyond the geologic barrier afforded by the geologic repository). The dose integration is performed out to a reference post-release time. The integrated dose is a function of the total initial inventory of radionuclide i the repository, the time at which complete and instantaneous failure of the engineered barrier (e.g., waste canister) in, ... continued below

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16 p.

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Davidson, J.W. July 1, 1995.

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Description

A methodology has been developed to quantify the total integrated dose due to a radionuclide species i emplaced in a geologic repository; the focus is on the seven long-lived fission products (LLFPs). The methodology assumes continuous exposure water contaminated with species i at the accessible environment (i.e., just beyond the geologic barrier afforded by the geologic repository). The dose integration is performed out to a reference post-release time. The integrated dose is a function of the total initial inventory of radionuclide i the repository, the time at which complete and instantaneous failure of the engineered barrier (e.g., waste canister) in, a geologic repository occurs, the fractional dissolution rate (from waste solid form) of radionuclide i in ground water, the ground water travel time to the accessible environment, the retardation factor (sorption on the geologic media) for radionuclide i, the time after radionuclide begins to enter the biosphere. In order to assess relative dose, the ratio of total integrated dose to that for a reference LLFP species j (e.g., {sup 99}Tc) was defined. This ratio is a measure of the relative benefit of transmutation of other LLFPs compared to {sup 99}Tc. This methodology was further developed in order to quantify the integrated dose reduction per neutron utilized for LLFP transmutation in accelerator-driven transmutation technologies (ADTT). This measure of effectiveness is a function of the integrated dose due to LLFP species i, the number of total captures in LLFP species i chain per LLFP nuclide fed to the chain at equilibrium, and the number of total captures in related transmutation product (TP) chains per capture in the LLFP species i chain. To assess relative transmutation effectiveness, the ratio of integrated dose reduction per neutron utilization to that for a reference LLFP species j (e.g., {sup 99}Tc) was defined. This relative measure of effectiveness was evaluated LLFP transmutation strategy.

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16 p.

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INIS; OSTI as DE95015308

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  • Global `95, Versailles (France), 11 Sep 1995

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  • Other: DE95015308
  • Report No.: LA-UR--95-1828
  • Report No.: CONF-9509162--6
  • Grant Number: W-7405-ENG-36
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 106413
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc625303

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  • July 1, 1995

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  • June 16, 2015, 7:43 a.m.

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  • Feb. 26, 2016, 4:08 p.m.

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Davidson, J.W. A repository released-dose model for the evaluation of long-lived fission product transmutation effectiveness, article, July 1, 1995; New Mexico. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc625303/: accessed July 20, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.