Preliminary geologic map of the Sleeping Butte volcanic centers

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The Sleeping Butte volcanic centers comprise two, spatially separate, small-volume (<0.1 km{sup 3}) basaltic centers. The centers were formed by mildly explosive Strombolian eruptions. The Little Black Peak cone consists of a main scoria cone, two small satellitic scoria mounds, and associated lobate lava flows that vented from sites at the base of the scoria cone. The Hidden Cone center consists of a main scoria cone that developed on the north-facing slope of Sleeping Butte. The center formed during two episodes. The first included the formation of the main scoria cone, and venting of aa lava flows from radial dikes ... continued below

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13 p.

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Crowe, B.M. & Perry, F.V. July 1, 1991.

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  • Crowe, B.M. Los Alamos National Lab., NM (USA)
  • Perry, F.V. New Mexico Univ., Albuquerque, NM (USA). Dept. of Geology

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Description

The Sleeping Butte volcanic centers comprise two, spatially separate, small-volume (<0.1 km{sup 3}) basaltic centers. The centers were formed by mildly explosive Strombolian eruptions. The Little Black Peak cone consists of a main scoria cone, two small satellitic scoria mounds, and associated lobate lava flows that vented from sites at the base of the scoria cone. The Hidden Cone center consists of a main scoria cone that developed on the north-facing slope of Sleeping Butte. The center formed during two episodes. The first included the formation of the main scoria cone, and venting of aa lava flows from radial dikes at the northeast base of the cone. The second included eruption of scoria-fall deposits from the summit crater. The ages of the Little Black Peak and the Hidden Cone are estimated to be between 200 to 400 ka based on the whole-rock K-Ar age determinations with large analytical undertainty. This age assignment is consistent with qualitative observations of the degree of soil development and geomorphic degradation of volcanic landforms. The younger episode of the Hidden Cone is inferred to be significantly younger and probably of Late Pleistocene or Holocene age. This is based on the absence of cone slope rilling, the absence of cone-slope apron deposits, and erosional unconformity between the two episodes, the poor horizon- development of soils, and the presence of fall deposits on modern alluvial surfaces. Paleomagnetic data show that the centers record similar but not identical directions of remanent magnetization. Paleomagnetic data have not been obtained for the youngest deposits of the Hidden Cone center. Further geochronology, soils, geomorphic, and petrology studies are planned of the Sleeping Butte volcanic centers 20 refs., 3 figs.

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13 p.

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INIS; OSTI as DE91015364

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  • Other Information: PBD: Jul 1991

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  • Other: DE91015364
  • Report No.: LA--12101-MS
  • Grant Number: W-7405-ENG-36
  • DOI: 10.2172/138145 | External Link
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 138145
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc625263

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  • July 1, 1991

Added to The UNT Digital Library

  • June 16, 2015, 7:43 a.m.

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  • Feb. 26, 2016, 3:28 p.m.

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Crowe, B.M. & Perry, F.V. Preliminary geologic map of the Sleeping Butte volcanic centers, report, July 1, 1991; New Mexico. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc625263/: accessed November 20, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.