Evaluation of the WEPP hillslope model on stable and eroding semiarid woodlands

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In this paper, we evaluate runoff and erosion prediction by the WEPP hillslope model for two pinyon-juniper sites in New Mexico: one has a low erosion rate (stable site) and the other (unstable site) is eroding at very rapid rates (as a result of landuse and climatic perturbations over the last century). Runoff and erosion measurements were made at plot and hillslope scales at both sites. WEPP was evaluated using both rainfall simulation and natural rainfall data. Rainfall simulation was performed on both vegetated and bare plots. Parameter values used were developed from rainfall simulation experiments and site characteristics. In ... continued below

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20 p.

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Wilcox, B.P. & Simanton, J.R. December 1, 1995.

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In this paper, we evaluate runoff and erosion prediction by the WEPP hillslope model for two pinyon-juniper sites in New Mexico: one has a low erosion rate (stable site) and the other (unstable site) is eroding at very rapid rates (as a result of landuse and climatic perturbations over the last century). Runoff and erosion measurements were made at plot and hillslope scales at both sites. WEPP was evaluated using both rainfall simulation and natural rainfall data. Rainfall simulation was performed on both vegetated and bare plots. Parameter values used were developed from rainfall simulation experiments and site characteristics. In general, runoff and erosion were underpredicted at both sites but to a much larger degree at the unstable site. On the unstable site predictions were much improved when we used hydraulic conductivity (Ke) derived from the bare plot rainfall simulation. Also of importance, at the unstable site we observed a large increase in erosion as scale increased from the plot to the hillslope as a result of a well developed channel network. These results are preliminary, in that only a few storms were evaluated, however, they do suggest some important strategies for predicting the impact of reduced vegetation cover to erosion in semiarid landscapes.

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20 p.

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INIS; OSTI as DE96002587

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  • NATO advanced research workshop on global change: modeling soil erosion by water, Washington, DC (United States), 11-14 Sep 1995

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  • Other: DE96002587
  • Report No.: LA-UR--95-3683
  • Report No.: CONF-9509256--1
  • Grant Number: W-7405-ENG-36
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 137292
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc625198

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  • December 1, 1995

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  • June 16, 2015, 7:43 a.m.

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  • Feb. 25, 2016, 4:28 p.m.

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Wilcox, B.P. & Simanton, J.R. Evaluation of the WEPP hillslope model on stable and eroding semiarid woodlands, article, December 1, 1995; New Mexico. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc625198/: accessed December 14, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.