Chaos, dynamical structure and climate variability

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Description

Deterministic chaos in dynamical systems offers a new paradigm for understanding irregular fluctuations. Techniques for identifying deterministic chaos from observed data, without recourse to mathematical models, are being developed. Powerful methods exist for reconstructing multidimensional phase space from an observed time series of a single scalar variable; these methods are invaluable when only a single scalar record of the dynamics is available. However, in some applications multiple concurrent time series may be available for consideration as phase space coordinates. Here the authors propose some basic analytical tools for such multichannel time series data, and illustrate them by applications to a ... continued below

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34 p.

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Stewart, H.B. September 1, 1995.

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  • Stewart, H.B. Brookhaven National Lab., Upton, NY (United States). Dept. of Applied Science

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Description

Deterministic chaos in dynamical systems offers a new paradigm for understanding irregular fluctuations. Techniques for identifying deterministic chaos from observed data, without recourse to mathematical models, are being developed. Powerful methods exist for reconstructing multidimensional phase space from an observed time series of a single scalar variable; these methods are invaluable when only a single scalar record of the dynamics is available. However, in some applications multiple concurrent time series may be available for consideration as phase space coordinates. Here the authors propose some basic analytical tools for such multichannel time series data, and illustrate them by applications to a simple synthetic model of chaos, to a low-order model of atmospheric circulation, and to two high-resolution paleoclimate proxy data series. The atmospheric circulation model, originally proposed by Lorenz, has 27 principal unknowns; they establish that the chaotic attractor can be embedded in a subspace of eight dimensions by exhibiting a specific subset of eight unknowns which pass multichannel tests for false nearest neighbors. They also show that one of the principal unknowns in the 27-variable model--the global mean sea surface temperature--is of no discernible usefulness in making short-term forecasts.

Physical Description

34 p.

Notes

OSTI as DE95017160

Source

  • Workshop on chaos and the changing nature of science and medicine, Mobile, AL (United States), 29 Apr 1995

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  • Other: DE95017160
  • Report No.: BNL--62120
  • Report No.: CONF-9504196--1
  • Grant Number: AC02-76CH00016
  • DOI: 10.2172/102163 | External Link
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 102163
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc624419

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Office of Scientific & Technical Information Technical Reports

Reports, articles and other documents harvested from the Office of Scientific and Technical Information.

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Creation Date

  • September 1, 1995

Added to The UNT Digital Library

  • June 16, 2015, 7:43 a.m.

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  • Nov. 30, 2015, 4:15 p.m.

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Stewart, H.B. Chaos, dynamical structure and climate variability, report, September 1, 1995; Upton, New York. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc624419/: accessed November 19, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.