Coal-fired tile stoves: Efficiency and emissions

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Coal-fired tile stoves are widely used in Poland for domestic heating. These massive stoves,are fired for short periods once or twice each day, and the stored heat is slowly released into the room by natural convection Low-quality coal is typically used, and these stoves are therefore a major source of air pollution. A facility has been constructed to study the efficiency and emissions characteristics of these stoves. Stove exhaust gas is directed into a dilution tunnel in which pollutant concentrations and emission rates are measured. Efficiency is determined using a heat loss method. In baseline tests, stove efficiencies were found ... continued below

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12 p.

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Jaszczur, T.; Zaczkowski, A.; Lewandowski, M.; Butcher, T. & Szewczyk, W. August 1995.

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Description

Coal-fired tile stoves are widely used in Poland for domestic heating. These massive stoves,are fired for short periods once or twice each day, and the stored heat is slowly released into the room by natural convection Low-quality coal is typically used, and these stoves are therefore a major source of air pollution. A facility has been constructed to study the efficiency and emissions characteristics of these stoves. Stove exhaust gas is directed into a dilution tunnel in which pollutant concentrations and emission rates are measured. Efficiency is determined using a heat loss method. In baseline tests, stove efficiencies were found to be higher than expected -- 60% to 65%. Emission factors are high for particulates, carbon monoxide (CO), and organics. Low-volatility ``smokeless fuels`` were tested as an alternative to the normal fuels. Using the normal operating procedure, these were found to yield a factor of 10 reduction in particulate emissions but a 50% increase in CO emissions. A new operating procedure was developed with these fuels in which CO levels were lower than with the normal fuel and efficiency increased to 70%. These smokeless fuels are seen as attractive options for improving regional air quality, partly because their use does not require capital investment by residents.

Physical Description

12 p.

Notes

OSTI as DE95016033

Source

  • American Society of Heating, Refrigerating and Air-Conditioning Engineers (ASHRAE) winter meeting and exhibition, Chicago, IL (United States), 28 Jan - 1 Feb 1995

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  • Other: DE95016033
  • Report No.: BNL--62009
  • Report No.: CONF-950104--12
  • Grant Number: AC02-76CH00016
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 102526
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc624254

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Office of Scientific & Technical Information Technical Reports

Reports, articles and other documents harvested from the Office of Scientific and Technical Information.

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  • August 1995

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  • June 16, 2015, 7:43 a.m.

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  • Nov. 19, 2015, 3:52 p.m.

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Jaszczur, T.; Zaczkowski, A.; Lewandowski, M.; Butcher, T. & Szewczyk, W. Coal-fired tile stoves: Efficiency and emissions, article, August 1995; Upton, New York. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc624254/: accessed October 18, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.