Selective catalytic reduction of sulfur dioxide to elemental sulfur. Final report

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This project has investigated new metal oxide catalysts for the single stage selective reduction of SO{sub 2} to elemental sulfur by a reductant, such as CO. Significant progress in catalyst development has been made during the course of the project. We have found that fluorite oxides, CeO{sub 2} and ZrO{sub 2}, and rare earth zirconates such as Gd{sub 2}Zr{sub 2}O{sub 7} are active and stable catalysts for reduction Of SO{sub 2} by CO. More than 95% sulfur yield was achieved at reaction temperatures about 450{degrees}C or higher with the feed gas of stoichiometric composition. Reaction of SO{sub 2} and CO ... continued below

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149 p.

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Liu, W.; Flytzani-Stephanopoulos, M. & Sarofim, A.F. June 1, 1995.

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Description

This project has investigated new metal oxide catalysts for the single stage selective reduction of SO{sub 2} to elemental sulfur by a reductant, such as CO. Significant progress in catalyst development has been made during the course of the project. We have found that fluorite oxides, CeO{sub 2} and ZrO{sub 2}, and rare earth zirconates such as Gd{sub 2}Zr{sub 2}O{sub 7} are active and stable catalysts for reduction Of SO{sub 2} by CO. More than 95% sulfur yield was achieved at reaction temperatures about 450{degrees}C or higher with the feed gas of stoichiometric composition. Reaction of SO{sub 2} and CO over these catalysts demonstrated a strong correlation of catalytic activity with the catalyst oxygen mobility. Furthermore, the catalytic activity and resistance to H{sub 2}O and CO{sub 2} poisoning of these catalysts were significantly enhanced by adding small amounts of transition metals, such as Co, Ni, Co, etc. The resulting transition metal-fluorite oxide composite catalyst has superior activity and stability, and shows promise in long use for the development of a greatly simplified single-step sulfur recovery process to treat variable and dilute SO{sub 2} concentration gas streams. Among various active composite catalyst systems the Cu-CeO{sub 2} system has been extensively studied. XRD, XPS, and STEM analyses of the used Cu-CeO{sub 2} catalyst found that the fluorite crystal structure of ceria was stable at the present reaction conditions, small amounts of copper was dispersed and stabilized on the ceria matrix, and excess copper oxide particles formed copper sulfide crystals of little contribution to catalytic activity. A working catalyst consisted of partially sulfated cerium oxide surface and partially sulfided copper clusters. The overall reaction kinetics were approximately represented by a first order equation.

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149 p.

Notes

OSTI as DE96003525

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  • Other Information: PBD: Jun 1995

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  • Other: DE96003525
  • Report No.: DOE/PC/92534--11
  • Grant Number: FG22-92PC92534
  • DOI: 10.2172/155283 | External Link
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 155283
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc624197

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  • June 1, 1995

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  • June 16, 2015, 7:43 a.m.

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  • March 22, 2018, 3:10 p.m.

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Liu, W.; Flytzani-Stephanopoulos, M. & Sarofim, A.F. Selective catalytic reduction of sulfur dioxide to elemental sulfur. Final report, report, June 1, 1995; Cambridge, Massachusetts. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc624197/: accessed April 22, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.