External exposure model used in the RESRAD code for various geometries of contaminated soil.

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An external exposure model based on the US Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA's) Federal Guidance Report No. 12 (FGR-12) dose conversion factors and the point kernel method has been developed for the residual radioactive (RESRAD) material guideline computer code. This model improves the external ground pathway dose estimation from that in earlier versions of the RESRAD code by extending FGR-12 data applicability to a wider range of source geometries. FGR-12 assumes that sources are infinite in lateral extent. In actual situations, soil contamination sources can have any depth, shape, cover, and size. A depth factor function was developed to express the ... continued below

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80 pages

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Kamboj, S.; LePoire, D. J. & Yu, C. November 18, 1998.

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Description

An external exposure model based on the US Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA's) Federal Guidance Report No. 12 (FGR-12) dose conversion factors and the point kernel method has been developed for the residual radioactive (RESRAD) material guideline computer code. This model improves the external ground pathway dose estimation from that in earlier versions of the RESRAD code by extending FGR-12 data applicability to a wider range of source geometries. FGR-12 assumes that sources are infinite in lateral extent. In actual situations, soil contamination sources can have any depth, shape, cover, and size. A depth factor function was developed to express the attenuation of radionuclides by using regression analysis. Three independent, nuclei-specific parameters were determined by using the effective dose equivalent values from FGR-12. The depth factors derived with the new model were within 2% of the FGR-12 values for all depths for most of the radionuclides. A cover-and-depth factor function was derived on the basis of the depth factor function by considering both dose contribution and attenuation from different depths. The cover-and-depth factor was compared with FGR-12 computations for some representative radionuclides and source configurations. For thin cover thicknesses (1 cm), most of the values were within 2%; even for large cover thicknesses (5 to 15 cm), most of the values were within 10%. To further extend this model for actual geometries (finite irregular areas), area and shape factors were derived by using the point kernel method. These factors depend not only on the lateral extent of the contamination but also on source depth, cover thickness, and gamma energies. The area factor increases with source radius and approaches unity for source radii greater than 50 m. To test the integrity of FGR-12 data, effective dose equivalent values at the surface and four soil depths were compared with the Monte Carlo N-Particle (MCNP) transport code calculations for a few radionuclides. MCNP values were within 10% of the FGR values for the four soil depths. Depth and cover factors were also compared with MCNP calculations. Finally, overall comparisons were made between the new RESRAD model (Versions 5.60 and later) and the old RESRAD model (Version 5.44 and earlier).

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80 pages

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  • Other Information: PBD: 18 Nov 1998

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  • Report No.: ANL/EAD/TM-84
  • Grant Number: W-31109-ENG-38
  • DOI: 10.2172/12038 | External Link
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 12038
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc623643

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  • November 18, 1998

Added to The UNT Digital Library

  • June 16, 2015, 7:43 a.m.

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  • March 24, 2016, 9:20 p.m.

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Kamboj, S.; LePoire, D. J. & Yu, C. External exposure model used in the RESRAD code for various geometries of contaminated soil., report, November 18, 1998; Illinois. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc623643/: accessed October 18, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.