The development of the shadow analysis team concept Page: 4 of 9
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4. Team Make-up:
The SAT should consist of 6-7 team members and the team leader, depending on
the type and number of instruments to be deployed. Only a partial SAT may be mustered
for a given inspection. A full team would consist of the following personnel.
a. The SAT Leader and Senior Scientific Advisor.
b. One or two instrument operators/analysts.
c. Two chemists for sample preparation.
d. Two experts in non destructive evaluation (NDE)
e. One logistics expert
Sufficient and appropriate back-ups to each of the above would need to be available to
assure timely deployment and to respond to two concurrent inspections. For example, a
register of about four SAT Leader/Scientific Advisors will be needed to ensure availability
at any time an inspection might occur.
The SAT leader will be the first deployed. He/She will arrive at the site of the
inspection before the inspection team to consult with site personnel about potential
concerns and determine what SAT deployment will be needed. Based on that site
appraisal, the SAT leader will call out the appropriate elements of the SAT.
The SAT leader will then act as an advisor to the ISP site team as required. One
particular aspect of this advisory role will include where and how samples should be
collected if requested. He/She will be responsible to-the ISP team leader for the results of
the shadow analysis and will assign team member responsibilities as needed.
The instrument operators/analysts will perform the chemical analytical
measurements. At present it is envisioned that the primary instrument will be the gas
chromatograph with a mass spectrometric detector(GC-MS). Additional instruments may
consist of a gas chromatograph with a flame photometric detector (GC-FPD) and a
Fourier transform infra red spectrometer (FTIR). These analysts will operate the
instruments of choice and assist in the interpretation of the results. It will also fall to these
analysts to observe any screening tests to be made by inspectors with hand held detectors,
and to observe the inspectors as they perform instrumental analyses.
The chemists will collect the inspection samples as requested by the inspection
team. If the inspectors are to be permitted to collect these samples, the chemists will
observe that the samples are properly collected and handled prior to accepting the ISP's
sample portions. The chemists will then prepare the samples for analysis as necessary.
The chemists will observe any screening tests performed by inspectors with detection kits
and the preparation of analytical samples by inspectors.
The NDE experts will perform non destructive measurements as required by the
ISP team chief. They will analyze the results of such measurements. They will also observe
all such measurements to be made by the inspectors.
The logistics expert will be responsible for getting the SAT equipment to and from
the inspection site. He/She will also be responsible for maintaining all support equipment
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McGuire, R.R. The development of the shadow analysis team concept, report, November 1, 1995; California. (https://digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc623177/m1/4/: accessed April 19, 2019), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, https://digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.