The development of the shadow analysis team concept Page: 3 of 9
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THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE SHADOW ANALYSIS TEAM CONCEPT
Part II, Section E, Paragraphs 52-55 of the "Verification Annex" (Annex 2) of the
Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) provides the general rights and obligations of both
the Inspected State Party (ISP) and the Inspection Team (IT) as to the collection and
analysis of samples. In summary, the inspection team has the right to request the collection
of samples which will be collected by the ISP unless the decision is made by the ISP to
allow the inspectors to collect them. Samples will, if possible, be analyzed at the
inspection site, with the assistance of the ISP if requested by the IT. The ISP has the right
to retain portions all collected samples. Samples may be sent off-site for independent
analysis if deemed necessary.
These rights are modified in the case of "Challenge Inspections" by the "Managed
Access" Provisions of Part X, Section C, Paragraphs 46-48 which specifies that sample
collection is to be negotiated between the Inspection Team and the Inspected State Party.
In order to assist the ISP in fulfilling its obligation to assist the IT in determining
compliance, and in preserving its rights to protect sensitive information not relevant to the
CWC, we propose to establish the Army Material Command Treaty Laboratory (AMCTL)
Shadow Analysis Team.
The primary function of the Shadow Analysis Team (SAT) is to assist the leader of
the Inspected State Party (ISP) site team to assure that sensitive information, not relevant
to the legitimate aims of the inspection, is protected. This will be accomplished by:
a. Collecting inspection samples;
b. Performing detailed analysis, including non destructive evaluation if needed, to
i. Determine, independently, the results that inspectors are getting to assure
there are no surprises;
ii. In some cases, determine if samples may be taken to an off-site
laboratory if requested; and
c. Verify decontamination / sanitation of inspection equipment before leaving the
The SAT will be deployed to the site of Challenge inspections at DOD facilities
under the CWC. Deployments will also be made to all in country bilateral inspections.
Crisis deployments may be requested by ISP host site team chiefs during CWC routine
inspections if questions of compliance arise. It is expected that the cost of responding to
these crisis deployments will be reimbursed to the AMC Treaty Laboratory.
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McGuire, R.R. The development of the shadow analysis team concept, report, November 1, 1995; California. (https://digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc623177/m1/3/: accessed April 22, 2019), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, https://digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.