Solid-phase characterization in flammable-gas-tank sludges by electron microscopy

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The crystallinity, morphology, chemical composition, and crystalline phases of several Tank 241-SY-101 (hereinafter referred to as SY-101) and Tank 241-SY-103 (hereinafter referred to as SY-103) solid samples were studied by transmission electron microscopy (TEM), electron energy dispersive spectroscopy (EDS), and electron diffraction. The main focus is on the identification of aluminum hydroxide thought to be present in these tank samples. Aluminum hydroxide was found in SY-103, but not in SY-101. This difference can be explained by the different OH/Al ratios found in the two tank samples: a high OH/Al ratio in SY-101 favors the formation of sodium aluminate, but a ... continued below

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30 p.

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Liu, J.; Pederson, L.R. & Qang, L.Q. September 1, 1995.

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  • Pacific Northwest Laboratory
    Publisher Info: Pacific Northwest Lab., Richland, WA (United States)
    Place of Publication: Richland, Washington

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Description

The crystallinity, morphology, chemical composition, and crystalline phases of several Tank 241-SY-101 (hereinafter referred to as SY-101) and Tank 241-SY-103 (hereinafter referred to as SY-103) solid samples were studied by transmission electron microscopy (TEM), electron energy dispersive spectroscopy (EDS), and electron diffraction. The main focus is on the identification of aluminum hydroxide thought to be present in these tank samples. Aluminum hydroxide was found in SY-103, but not in SY-101. This difference can be explained by the different OH/Al ratios found in the two tank samples: a high OH/Al ratio in SY-101 favors the formation of sodium aluminate, but a low OH/Al ratio in SY-103 favors aluminum hydroxide. These results were confirmed by a magnetic resonance study on SY-101 and SY-103 simulant. The transition from aluminum hydroxide to sodium aluminate occurs at an OH/Al molar ratio of 3.6. It is believed that the study of Al(OH){sub 3} was not affected by sample preparation because all Al(OH){sub 3} is in the solid form according to the NMR experiments. There is no Al(OH){sub 3} in the liquid. It is, therefore, most likely that the observation of Al(OH){sub 3} is representative of the real sludge sample, and is not affected by drying. Similar conclusions also apply to other insoluble phases such as iron and chromium.

Physical Description

30 p.

Notes

INIS; OSTI as DE96001362

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  • Other Information: PBD: Sep 1995

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  • Other: DE96001362
  • Report No.: PNL--10723
  • Grant Number: AC06-76RL01830
  • DOI: 10.2172/116609 | External Link
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 116609
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc622975

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  • September 1, 1995

Added to The UNT Digital Library

  • June 16, 2015, 7:43 a.m.

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  • April 7, 2016, 3:13 p.m.

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Liu, J.; Pederson, L.R. & Qang, L.Q. Solid-phase characterization in flammable-gas-tank sludges by electron microscopy, report, September 1, 1995; Richland, Washington. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc622975/: accessed December 13, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.