Mineral surface processes responsible for the decreased retardation (or enhanced mobilization) of {sup 137}Cs from HLW tank discharges. 1998 annual progress report

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'Cesium (137) is a major component of high level weapons waste. At Hanford, single shell tanks (SST''s) with high level wastes (HLW) have leaked supernate containing over 10{sup 6} Ci of 137 Cs and other co-contaminants into the vadose zone. In select locations, 137 Cs has migrated further than expected from retardation experiments and performance assessment calculations. Deep 137 Cs migration has been observed beneath the SX tank farm at Hanford with REDOX wastes as the carrier causing regulatory and stakeholder concern. The causes for expedited migration are unclear. This research is investigating how the sorption chemistry of Cs on ... continued below

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Zachara, J.M.; Ellis, P.D.; Serne, R.J. & Bertsch, P.M. June 1, 1998.

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'Cesium (137) is a major component of high level weapons waste. At Hanford, single shell tanks (SST''s) with high level wastes (HLW) have leaked supernate containing over 10{sup 6} Ci of 137 Cs and other co-contaminants into the vadose zone. In select locations, 137 Cs has migrated further than expected from retardation experiments and performance assessment calculations. Deep 137 Cs migration has been observed beneath the SX tank farm at Hanford with REDOX wastes as the carrier causing regulatory and stakeholder concern. The causes for expedited migration are unclear. This research is investigating how the sorption chemistry of Cs on Hanford vadose zone sediments changes after contact with solutions characteristic of HLW. The central scientific hypothesis is that the high Na concentration of HLW will suppress surface-exchange reactions of Cs, except those to highly-selective frayed edge sites (FES) of the micaceous fraction. The authors further speculate that the concentrations, ion selectivity, and structural aspects of the FES will change after contact with HLW and that these changes will be manifest in the macroscopic sorption behavior of Cs. The authors believe that migration predictions of Cs can be improved substantially if such changes are understood and quantified. The research has three objectives: (1.) identify how the multi-component surface exchange behavior of Cs on Hanford sediments changes after contact with HLW simulants that span a range of relevant chemical (Na, OH, Al, K) and temperature conditions (23-80 C); (2) reconcile changes in sorption chemistry with microscopic and molecular changes in site distribution, chemistry, mineralogy, and surface structure of the micaceous fraction; (3) integrate mass-action-solution exchange measurements with changes in the structure/site distribution of the micaceous fraction to yield a multicomponent exchange model relevant to high ionic strength and hydroxide for prediction of environmental Cs sorption.'

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  • Other: DE00013552
  • Report No.: EMSP-60355--98
  • Grant Number: NONE
  • DOI: 10.2172/13552 | External Link
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 13552
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc622891

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  • June 1, 1998

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  • June 16, 2015, 7:43 a.m.

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  • June 13, 2016, 6:06 p.m.

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Zachara, J.M.; Ellis, P.D.; Serne, R.J. & Bertsch, P.M. Mineral surface processes responsible for the decreased retardation (or enhanced mobilization) of {sup 137}Cs from HLW tank discharges. 1998 annual progress report, report, June 1, 1998; Richland, Washington. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc622891/: accessed August 18, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.