Distribution of soluble and precipitated iron and chromium products generated by anodic dissolution of 316L stainless steel and alloy C-22: final report

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At near neutral pH and at applied potentials above the threshold potential for localized breakdown of the passive film, virtually all of the dissolved chromium appeared to be in the hexavalent oxidation state (Cr(VI)). In acidic environments, such as crevice solutions formed during the crevice corrosion of 316L and C-22 samples in 4 M NaCl, virtually all of the dissolved chromium appeared to be in the trivalent oxidation state (Cr(III)). These general observations appear to be consistent with the Pourbaix diagram for chromium (Pourbaix 1974), pp. 307-321. At high pH and high anodic polarization (pH {approximately} 8 and 800 mV ... continued below

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Estill, J; Farmer, J; Gordon, S; King, K; Logotetta, L & Silberman, D August 11, 1999.

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At near neutral pH and at applied potentials above the threshold potential for localized breakdown of the passive film, virtually all of the dissolved chromium appeared to be in the hexavalent oxidation state (Cr(VI)). In acidic environments, such as crevice solutions formed during the crevice corrosion of 316L and C-22 samples in 4 M NaCl, virtually all of the dissolved chromium appeared to be in the trivalent oxidation state (Cr(III)). These general observations appear to be consistent with the Pourbaix diagram for chromium (Pourbaix 1974), pp. 307-321. At high pH and high anodic polarization (pH {approximately} 8 and 800 mV vs. SHE), the predominate species is believed to be the soluble chromate anion (CrO{sub 4}{sup 2{minus}}). At the same pH, but lower polarization (pH {approximately} 8 and 0 mV vs. SHE), the predominate species are believed to be precipitates such as trivalent Cr(OH){sub 3} {center_dot} n(H{sub 2}O) and hexavalent Cr{sub 2}O{sub 3}. In acidified environments such as those found in crevices (pH < 3), soluble Cr{sup 3+} is expected to form over a wide range of potential extending from 400 mV vs. SHE to approximately 1200 mV vs. SHE. Again, this is consistent with the observations from the creviced samples. In earlier studies by the principal investigator, it has been found that low-level chromium contamination in ground water is usually in the hexavalent oxidation state (Farmer et al. 1996). In general, dissolved iron measured during the crevice experiments appears to be Fe(II) in acidic media and Fe(III) in near-neutral and alkaline solutions (table 3). In the case of cyclic polarization measurements, the dissolved iron measured at the end of some cyclic polarization measurements with C-22 appeared to be in the Fe(III) state. This is probably due to the high electrochemical potential at which these species were generated during the potential scan. Note that the reversal potential was approximately 1200 mV vs. Ag/AgCl during these scans. These results are also consistent with the corresponding Pourbaix diagrams. For example, in acidic media (pH 0 to 1), Fe{sup +2} would be expected to form at relatively low potential, with conversion to Fe{sup +3} at high applied potential (greater than about 700 mV vs. SHE). In neutral to alkaline pH, precipitates of Fe(OH){sub 2}, Fe(OH){sub 3}, Fe{sub 2}O{sub 3}, or Fe{sub 3}O{sub 4} would be expected, with some hydrolyzed species of Fe{sup +3} possible.

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160 Kilobytes pages

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  • Other Information: PBD: 11 Aug 1999

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  • Report No.: UCRL-ID-135289
  • Grant Number: W-7405-ENG-48
  • DOI: 10.2172/10450 | External Link
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 10450
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc622847

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  • August 11, 1999

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  • June 16, 2015, 7:43 a.m.

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  • Sept. 25, 2017, 4:33 p.m.

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Estill, J; Farmer, J; Gordon, S; King, K; Logotetta, L & Silberman, D. Distribution of soluble and precipitated iron and chromium products generated by anodic dissolution of 316L stainless steel and alloy C-22: final report, report, August 11, 1999; California. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc622847/: accessed October 22, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.