Prediction of liquid metal alloy radiant properties from measurements of the Hall coefficient and the direct current resistivity

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The thermal radiative properties of high temperature solid and liquid metal alloys are particularly useful to research and development efforts in laser cladding and machining, electron beam welding and laser isotope separation. However the cost, complexity, and difficulty of measuring these properties have forced the use of crude estimates from the Hagen-Rubens relation, the Drude relations, or extrapolation from low temperature or otherwise flawed data (e.g., oxidized). The authors have found in this work that published values for the Hall coefficient and the electrical resistivity of liquid metal alloys can provide useful estimates of the reflectance and emittance of some ... continued below

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10 p.

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Havstad, M.A. & Qiu, T. April 1, 1995.

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  • Havstad, M.A. Lawrence Livermore National Lab., CA (United States)
  • Qiu, T. Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA (United States)

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The thermal radiative properties of high temperature solid and liquid metal alloys are particularly useful to research and development efforts in laser cladding and machining, electron beam welding and laser isotope separation. However the cost, complexity, and difficulty of measuring these properties have forced the use of crude estimates from the Hagen-Rubens relation, the Drude relations, or extrapolation from low temperature or otherwise flawed data (e.g., oxidized). The authors have found in this work that published values for the Hall coefficient and the electrical resistivity of liquid metal alloys can provide useful estimates of the reflectance and emittance of some groups of binary liquid metal and high temperature solid alloys. The estimation method computes the Drude free electron parameters, and thence the optical constants and the radiant properties from the dependence of the Hall coefficient and direct current resistivity on alloy composition (the Hall coefficient gives the free electron density and the resistivity gives the average time between collisions). They find that predictions of the radiant properties of molten cerium-copper alloy, which use the measured variations in the Hall coefficient and resistivity (both highly nonlinear) as a function of alloy fraction (rather than linear combinations of the values of the pure elements) yield a good comparison to published measurements of the variation of the normal spectral emittance (a different but also nonlinear function) of cerium-copper alloy at the single wavelength available for comparison, 0.645 {mu}m. The success of the approach in the visible range is particularly notable because one expects a Drude based approach to improve with increasing wavelength from the visible into the infrared. Details of the estimation method, the comparison between the calculation and the measured emittance, and a discussion of what groups of elements may also provide agreement is given.

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10 p.

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INIS; OSTI as DE95015902

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  • 1995 National heat transfer conference, Portland, OR (United States), 5-9 Aug 1995

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  • Other: DE95015902
  • Report No.: UCRL-JC--118758
  • Report No.: CONF-950828--18
  • Grant Number: W-7405-ENG-48
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 100123
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc622769

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Office of Scientific & Technical Information Technical Reports

Reports, articles and other documents harvested from the Office of Scientific and Technical Information.

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  • April 1, 1995

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  • June 16, 2015, 7:43 a.m.

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  • Feb. 17, 2016, 3:32 p.m.

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Havstad, M.A. & Qiu, T. Prediction of liquid metal alloy radiant properties from measurements of the Hall coefficient and the direct current resistivity, article, April 1, 1995; California. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc622769/: accessed December 17, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.