Influence of deterministic geologic trends on spatial variability of hydrologic properties in volcanic tuff

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Hydrologic properties have been measured on outcrop samples taken from a detailed, two-dimension grid covering a 1.4 km outcrop exposure of the 10-m thick non-welded-to-welded, shardy base microstratigraphic unit of the Tiva Canyon Member of the Miocene Paintbrush Tuff at Yucca Mountain, Nevada. These data allow quantification of spatial trends in rock matrix properties that exist in this important hydrologic unit. Geologic investigation, combined with statistical and geostatistical analyses of the numerical data, indicates that spatial variability of matrix properties is related to deterministic geologic processes that operated throughout the region. Linear vertical trends in hydrologic properties are strongly developed ... continued below

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10 p.

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Rautman, C.A.; Flint, A.L.; Chornack, M.P.; Istok, J.D. & Fling, L.E. December 31, 1992.

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  • Rautman, C.A. Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States)
  • Flint, A.L. Geological Survey, Mercury, NV (United States)
  • Chornack, M.P. Geological Survey, Denver, CO (United States)
  • Istok, J.D. Oregon State Univ., Corvallis, OR (United States). Dept. of Civil Engineering
  • Fling, L.E. Raytheon Services Nevada, Mercury, NV (United States)

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  • Sandia National Laboratories
    Publisher Info: Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States)
    Place of Publication: Albuquerque, New Mexico

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Description

Hydrologic properties have been measured on outcrop samples taken from a detailed, two-dimension grid covering a 1.4 km outcrop exposure of the 10-m thick non-welded-to-welded, shardy base microstratigraphic unit of the Tiva Canyon Member of the Miocene Paintbrush Tuff at Yucca Mountain, Nevada. These data allow quantification of spatial trends in rock matrix properties that exist in this important hydrologic unit. Geologic investigation, combined with statistical and geostatistical analyses of the numerical data, indicates that spatial variability of matrix properties is related to deterministic geologic processes that operated throughout the region. Linear vertical trends in hydrologic properties are strongly developed in the shardy base microstratigraphic unit, and they are more accurately modeled using the concept of a thickness-normalized stratigraphic elevation within the unit, rather than absolute elevation. Hydrologic properties appear to be correlated over distances of 0.25 to 0.3 of the unit thickness after removing the deterministic vertical trend. The use of stratigraphic elevation allows scaling of identified trends by unit thickness which may be of particular importance in a basal, topography-blanketing unit such as this one. Horizontal changes in hydrologic properties do not appear to form obvious trends within the limited lateral geographic extent of the ash-flow environment that was examined. Matrix properties appear to be correlated horizontally over distances between 100 and 400 m. The existence and quantitative description of these trends and patterns of vertical spatial continuity should increase confidence in models of hydrologic properties and groundwater flow in this area that may be constructed to support the design of a potential high-level nuclear waste repository at Yucca Mountain.

Physical Description

10 p.

Notes

INIS; OSTI as DE93008354

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  • 10. international high-level radioactive waste management conference, Las Vegas, NV (United States), 25-29 Apr 1993

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  • Other: DE93008354
  • Report No.: SAND--92-2491C
  • Report No.: CONF-930408--38
  • Grant Number: AC04-76DP00789
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 138773
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc622247

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Creation Date

  • December 31, 1992

Added to The UNT Digital Library

  • June 16, 2015, 7:43 a.m.

Description Last Updated

  • April 14, 2016, 7:49 p.m.

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Rautman, C.A.; Flint, A.L.; Chornack, M.P.; Istok, J.D. & Fling, L.E. Influence of deterministic geologic trends on spatial variability of hydrologic properties in volcanic tuff, article, December 31, 1992; Albuquerque, New Mexico. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc622247/: accessed December 12, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.