Preliminary integrated calculation of radionuclide cation and anion transport at Yucca Mountain using a geochemical model

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This paper presents preliminary transport calculations for radionuclide movement at Yucca Mountain using preliminary data for mineral distributions, retardation parameter distributions, and hypothetical recharge scenarios. These calculations are not performance assessments, but are used to study the effectiveness of the geochemical barriers at the site at mechanistic level. The preliminary calculations presented have many shortcomings and should be viewed only as a demonstration of the modeling methodology. The simulations were run with TRACRN, a finite-difference porous flow and radionuclide transport code developed for the Yucca Mountain Project. Approximately 30,000 finite-difference nodes are used to represent the unsaturated and saturated zones ... continued below

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21 p.

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Birdsell, K.H.; Campbell, K.; Eggert, K.G. & Travis, B.J. November 1, 1989.

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This paper presents preliminary transport calculations for radionuclide movement at Yucca Mountain using preliminary data for mineral distributions, retardation parameter distributions, and hypothetical recharge scenarios. These calculations are not performance assessments, but are used to study the effectiveness of the geochemical barriers at the site at mechanistic level. The preliminary calculations presented have many shortcomings and should be viewed only as a demonstration of the modeling methodology. The simulations were run with TRACRN, a finite-difference porous flow and radionuclide transport code developed for the Yucca Mountain Project. Approximately 30,000 finite-difference nodes are used to represent the unsaturated and saturated zones underlying the repository in three dimensions. Sorption ratios for the radionuclides modeled are assumed to be functions of mineralogic assemblages of the underlying rock. These transport calculations present a representative radionuclide cation, {sup 135}Cs and anion, {sup 99}Tc. The effects on transport of many of the processes thought to be active at Yucca Mountain may be examined using this approach. The model provides a method for examining the integration of flow scenarios, transport, and retardation processes as currently understood for the site. It will also form the basis for estimates of the sensitivity of transport calculations to retardation processes. 11 refs., 17 figs., 1 tab.

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21 p.

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INIS; OSTI as DE90002402

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  • Nuclear waste isolation in the unsaturated zone: FOCUS `89, Las Vegas, NV (United States), 18-21 Sep 1989

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  • Other: DE90002402
  • Report No.: LA-UR--89-3503
  • Report No.: CONF-890928--12
  • Grant Number: W-7405-ENG-36
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 137549
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc622128

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  • November 1, 1989

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  • June 16, 2015, 7:43 a.m.

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  • Feb. 26, 2016, 3:28 p.m.

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Birdsell, K.H.; Campbell, K.; Eggert, K.G. & Travis, B.J. Preliminary integrated calculation of radionuclide cation and anion transport at Yucca Mountain using a geochemical model, article, November 1, 1989; New Mexico. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc622128/: accessed November 20, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.