Chemical changes associated with zeolitization of the tuffaceous beds of Calico Hills at Yucca Mountain, Nevada

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The chemistry of the tuffaceous beds of Calico Hills was examined in samples collected over a 100{sup 2} km area south of the Timber Mountain-Oasis Valley caldera complex to determine regional geochemical patterns during zeolitization. Samples of 58 vitric and zeolitic tuffs were analyzed for 48 elements by a combination of x-ray fluorescence, atomic absorption spectrophotometry, and neutron activation analysis. Major and trace element concentrations for zeolitic tuffs vary significantly from those for vitric tuffs. Complex, geographically-controlled patterns of elemental enrichment and depletion in the zeolitic tuffs are found for Na, K, Ca, Mg, U, Rb, Sr, Ba and Cs. ... continued below

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7 p.

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Broxton, D.E. March 1, 1992.

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The chemistry of the tuffaceous beds of Calico Hills was examined in samples collected over a 100{sup 2} km area south of the Timber Mountain-Oasis Valley caldera complex to determine regional geochemical patterns during zeolitization. Samples of 58 vitric and zeolitic tuffs were analyzed for 48 elements by a combination of x-ray fluorescence, atomic absorption spectrophotometry, and neutron activation analysis. Major and trace element concentrations for zeolitic tuffs vary significantly from those for vitric tuffs. Complex, geographically-controlled patterns of elemental enrichment and depletion in the zeolitic tuffs are found for Na, K, Ca, Mg, U, Rb, Sr, Ba and Cs. Vitric and zeolitic tuffs generally have the same SiO{sub 2} contents on an anhydrous basis, but minor net silica gain or loss has occurred in some samples. Zeolitic tuffs from the northern part of the study area, adjacent to the caldera complex, are notably K-rich and Na- and U-poor compared to zeolitic tuffs to the south. The compositions of the K-rich zeolitic tuffs are similar to those found in other areas of the western US where volcanic rocks are affected by potassium metasomatism. Alteration of vitric tuffs took place in an open chemical system and geographic control of major element compositions probably reflects regional variations in groundwater chemistry during alteration. The K-rich zeolitic tuffs in the northern part of the study area were probably altered by hydrothermal fluids whereas tuffs further south were altered by lower-temperature groundwaters.

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7 p.

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INIS; OSTI as DE92008440

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  • 7. water-rock interaction conference, Park City, UT (United States), 9-23 Jul 1992

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  • Other: DE92008440
  • Report No.: LA-UR--92-537
  • Report No.: CONF-920761--2
  • Grant Number: W-7405-ENG-36
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 138428
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc621786

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  • March 1, 1992

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  • June 16, 2015, 7:43 a.m.

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  • Feb. 25, 2016, 2:01 p.m.

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Broxton, D.E. Chemical changes associated with zeolitization of the tuffaceous beds of Calico Hills at Yucca Mountain, Nevada, article, March 1, 1992; New Mexico. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc621786/: accessed September 22, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.