The physics of radiation driven ICF hohlraums

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On the Nova Laser at LLNL, we have recently demonstrated many of the key elements required for assuring that the next proposed laser, the National Ignition Facility (NIF) will drive an Inertial Confinement Fusion (ICF) target to ignition. The target uses the recently declassified indirect drive (sometimes referred to as {open_quotes}radiation drive{close_quotes}) approach which converts laser light to x-rays inside a gold cylinder, which then acts as an x-ray {open_quotes}oven{close_quotes} (called a hohlraum) to drive the fusion capsule in its center. On Nova we`ve demonstrated good understanding of the temperatures reached in hohlraums and of the ways to control the ... continued below

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21 p.

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Rosen, M.D. August 7, 1995.

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Description

On the Nova Laser at LLNL, we have recently demonstrated many of the key elements required for assuring that the next proposed laser, the National Ignition Facility (NIF) will drive an Inertial Confinement Fusion (ICF) target to ignition. The target uses the recently declassified indirect drive (sometimes referred to as {open_quotes}radiation drive{close_quotes}) approach which converts laser light to x-rays inside a gold cylinder, which then acts as an x-ray {open_quotes}oven{close_quotes} (called a hohlraum) to drive the fusion capsule in its center. On Nova we`ve demonstrated good understanding of the temperatures reached in hohlraums and of the ways to control the uniformity with which the x-rays drive the spherical fusion capsules. In this lecture we briefly review the fundamentals of ICF, and describe the capsule implosion symmetry advantages of the hohlraum approach. We then concentrate on a quantitative understanding of the scaling of radiation drive with hohlraum size and wall material, and with laser pulse length and power. We demonstrate that coupling efficiency of x-ray drive to the capsule increases as we proceed from Nova to the NIF and eventually to a reactor, thus increasing the gain of the system.

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21 p.

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INIS; OSTI as DE96000344

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  • Plasma physics and technology conference, La Jolla, CA (United States), 8-18 Aug 1995

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  • Other: DE96000344
  • Report No.: UCRL-JC--121585
  • Report No.: CONF-9508164--1
  • Grant Number: W-7405-ENG-48
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 109501
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc621634

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Office of Scientific & Technical Information Technical Reports

Reports, articles and other documents harvested from the Office of Scientific and Technical Information.

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  • August 7, 1995

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  • June 16, 2015, 7:43 a.m.

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  • Feb. 19, 2016, 8:35 p.m.

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Rosen, M.D. The physics of radiation driven ICF hohlraums, article, August 7, 1995; California. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc621634/: accessed November 13, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.