Optical cleanliness specifications and cleanliness verification

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Optical cleanliness is important to NIF because it results in beam obscuration and scatter losses which occur in the front-end (containing over 20,000 small optics) and the large-aperture portions of the laser (containing 7,300 optics in 192 beamlines). The level of particulate cleanliness necessary for NIF, is similar to the scatter loss due to surface roughness. That is, the scatter loss should not exceed 2.5 x 10{sup {minus}5} per surface. Establishing requirements for optical and structural surface cleanliness needs consideration of both particulate and organic thin-film cleanliness. Both forms of cleanliness may be specified using guidelines specified in Military Standard ... continued below

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441 Kilobytes pages

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Stowers, I F July 1, 1999.

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Description

Optical cleanliness is important to NIF because it results in beam obscuration and scatter losses which occur in the front-end (containing over 20,000 small optics) and the large-aperture portions of the laser (containing 7,300 optics in 192 beamlines). The level of particulate cleanliness necessary for NIF, is similar to the scatter loss due to surface roughness. That is, the scatter loss should not exceed 2.5 x 10{sup {minus}5} per surface. Establishing requirements for optical and structural surface cleanliness needs consideration of both particulate and organic thin-film cleanliness. Both forms of cleanliness may be specified using guidelines specified in Military Standard 1246C and are referred to as cleanliness Levels. This Military Standard is described briefly and displayed in tables and charts. The presence of organic thin-films on structural surfaces is of particular concern if the contaminated surface is near solgel coated optics (solgel coatings provide an antireflection (AR) quality); or the optic is in a vacuum. In a vacuum, organic contaminant molecules have a much high probability of transporting from their source to a solgel-coated optic and thereby result in the rapid change in the transmission of the antireflection coating. Optical surface cleanliness can be rapidly degraded if a clean optic is exposed to any atmosphere containing an aerosol of small particles. The use of cleanrooms, as described in Federal Standard 209C, minimizes the settling of particulate contaminants and is described using charts and tables. These charts assist in determining the obscuration and scatter loss that can be expected when a clean surface is exposed to various Classes of cleanrooms due to particulate settling.

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441 Kilobytes pages

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  • 44th Annual Meeting of the International Symposium on Optical Science, Engineering, and Instrumentation, Denver, CO (US), 07/18/1999--07/23/1999

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  • Report No.: UCRL-JC-132939
  • Report No.: 39DP02000
  • Grant Number: W-7405-ENG-48
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 14657
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc621180

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Office of Scientific & Technical Information Technical Reports

Reports, articles and other documents harvested from the Office of Scientific and Technical Information.

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  • July 1, 1999

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  • June 16, 2015, 7:43 a.m.

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  • May 6, 2016, 1:48 p.m.

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Stowers, I F. Optical cleanliness specifications and cleanliness verification, article, July 1, 1999; California. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc621180/: accessed January 19, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.