Optical scatter as a diagnostic tool for studying bulk defects which cause laser damage in conventional and rapid growth KP and DKDP

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Single crystals of KH{sub 2}PO{sub 4} (KDP) and (D{sub x}H{sub 1-x}){sub 2}PO{sub 4} (DKDP) will be used for frequency conversion and as part of a large aperture optical switch in the proposed National Ignition Facility (NIF) at the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL). These crystals must have good optical properties and high laser damage thresholds. Currently these crystals have a lower laser damage threshold than other optical materials in the laser chain which has forced designers to limit the output fluence of the NIF in order to avoid damaging the crystals. Furthermore, while more efficient frequency conversion schemes are being ... continued below

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8 p.

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Woods, B.; Runkel, M. & Yan, M. July 10, 1995.

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Single crystals of KH{sub 2}PO{sub 4} (KDP) and (D{sub x}H{sub 1-x}){sub 2}PO{sub 4} (DKDP) will be used for frequency conversion and as part of a large aperture optical switch in the proposed National Ignition Facility (NIF) at the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL). These crystals must have good optical properties and high laser damage thresholds. Currently these crystals have a lower laser damage threshold than other optical materials in the laser chain which has forced designers to limit the output fluence of the NIF in order to avoid damaging the crystals. Furthermore, while more efficient frequency conversion schemes are being explored both theoretically and experimentally, the advantages of these schemes can not be fully realized unless the damage thresholds of the conversion crystals are increased. Over the past decade, LLNL has generated an extensive data base on the laser damage in KDP and DKDP crystals both at the first and third harmonics of Nd-YAG. While the damage thresholds of these crystals have increased over this time period due, in part, to better filtration of the growth solution, the damage thresholds of the best crystals are still far below what is expected from theoretical limits calculated from the band structure of perfect crystals. Thus damage in KDP and DKDP is caused by defects in the crystals. The authors also rely on a process called laser conditioning to improve the damage thresholds of the crystals. Unfortunately, little is understood about the mechanism of laser induced damage, the conditioning process in the crystals, or the defects which are responsible for damage. The authors have recently implemented a scatter diagnostic for locating and studying defects in crystals and as a tool for studying the mechanism of laser damage and laser conditioning.

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8 p.

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OSTI as DE95017821

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  • 40. annual meeting of the Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers, San Diego, CA (United States), 9-14 Jul 1995

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  • Other: DE95017821
  • Report No.: UCRL-JC--121652
  • Report No.: CONF-950793--38
  • Grant Number: W-7405-ENG-48
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 104968
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc621045

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  • July 10, 1995

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  • June 16, 2015, 7:43 a.m.

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  • Feb. 23, 2016, 7:18 p.m.

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Woods, B.; Runkel, M. & Yan, M. Optical scatter as a diagnostic tool for studying bulk defects which cause laser damage in conventional and rapid growth KP and DKDP, article, July 10, 1995; California. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc621045/: accessed November 20, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.