Atmospheric radiation measurement program facilities newsletter, August 1999.

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With the end of summer drawing near, the fall songbird migration season will soon begin. Scientists with the ARM Program will be able to observe the onset of the migration season as interference in the radar wind profiler (RWP) data. An RWP measures vertical profiles of wind and temperature directly above the radar from approximately 300 feet to 3 miles above the ground. The RWP accomplishes this by sending a pulse of electromagnetic energy skyward. Under normal conditions, the energy is scattered by targets in the atmosphere. Targets generally consist of atmospheric irregularities such as variations in temperature, humidity, and ... continued below

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5 p.

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Sisterson, D.L. September 3, 1999.

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Description

With the end of summer drawing near, the fall songbird migration season will soon begin. Scientists with the ARM Program will be able to observe the onset of the migration season as interference in the radar wind profiler (RWP) data. An RWP measures vertical profiles of wind and temperature directly above the radar from approximately 300 feet to 3 miles above the ground. The RWP accomplishes this by sending a pulse of electromagnetic energy skyward. Under normal conditions, the energy is scattered by targets in the atmosphere. Targets generally consist of atmospheric irregularities such as variations in temperature, humidity, and pressure over relatively short distances. During the spring and fall bird migration seasons, RWP beam signals are susceptible to overflying birds. The radar beams do not harm the birds, but the birds' presence hampers data collection by providing false targets to reflect the RWP beam, introducing errors into the data. Because of the wavelength of the molar beam, the number of individuals, and the small size of songbirds' bodies (compared to the larger geese or hawks), songbirds are quite likely to be sampled by the radar. Migrating birds usually fly with the prevailing wind, making their travel easier. As a result, winds from the south are ''enhanced'' or overestimated in the spring as the migrating birds travel northward, and winds from the north are overestimated in the fall as birds make their way south. This fact is easily confirmed by comparison of RWP wind data to wind data gathered by weather balloons, which are not affected by birds.

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5 p.

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OSTI as DE00012044

Medium: P; Size: 5 pages

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  • Other Information: PBD: 3 Sep 1999

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  • Report No.: ANL/ER/RP-99961
  • Grant Number: W-31109-ENG-38
  • DOI: 10.2172/12044 | External Link
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 12044
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc620884

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  • September 3, 1999

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  • June 16, 2015, 7:43 a.m.

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  • April 11, 2017, 12:14 p.m.

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Sisterson, D.L. Atmospheric radiation measurement program facilities newsletter, August 1999., report, September 3, 1999; Illinois. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc620884/: accessed September 22, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.