Modeling and validation of multiple joint reflections for ultra- narrow gap laser welding

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The effects of multiple internal reflections within a laser weld joint as a function of joint geometry and processing conditions have been characterized. A computer model utilizing optical ray tracing is used to predict the reflective propagation of laser beam energy focused into the narrow gap of a metal joint for the purpose of predicting the location of melting and coalescence which form the weld. The model allows quantitative analysis of the effects of changes to joint geometry, laser design, materials and processing variables. This analysis method is proposed as a way to enhance process efficiency and design laser welds ... continued below

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10 p.

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Milewski, J.; Keel, G. & Sklar, E. December 1, 1995.

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The effects of multiple internal reflections within a laser weld joint as a function of joint geometry and processing conditions have been characterized. A computer model utilizing optical ray tracing is used to predict the reflective propagation of laser beam energy focused into the narrow gap of a metal joint for the purpose of predicting the location of melting and coalescence which form the weld. The model allows quantitative analysis of the effects of changes to joint geometry, laser design, materials and processing variables. This analysis method is proposed as a way to enhance process efficiency and design laser welds which display deep penetration and high depth to width aspect ratios, reduced occurrence of defects and enhanced melting. Of particular interest to laser welding is the enhancement of energy coupling to highly reflective materials. The weld joint is designed to act as an optical element which propagates and concentrates the laser energy deep within the joint to be welded. Experimentation has shown that it is possible to produce welds using multiple passes to achieve deep penetration and high depth to width aspect ratios without the use of filler material. The enhanced laser melting and welding of aluminum has been demonstrated. Optimization through modeling and experimental validation has resulted in the development of a laser welding process variant we refer to as Ultra-Narrow Gap Laser Welding.

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10 p.

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OSTI as DE96002457

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  • 14. international congress on applications of lasers and electro-optics, San Diego, CA (United States), 13-16 Nov 1995

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  • Other: DE96002457
  • Report No.: LA-UR--95-3424
  • Report No.: CONF-9511146--2
  • Grant Number: W-7405-ENG-36
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 149995
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc620712

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  • December 1, 1995

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  • June 16, 2015, 7:43 a.m.

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  • Feb. 29, 2016, 4:16 p.m.

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Milewski, J.; Keel, G. & Sklar, E. Modeling and validation of multiple joint reflections for ultra- narrow gap laser welding, article, December 1, 1995; New Mexico. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc620712/: accessed October 18, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.