Effect of Natural Gas Fuel Addition on the Oxidation of Fuel Cell Anode Gas

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The anode exhaust gas from a fuel cell commonly has a fuel energy density between 15 and 25% that of the fuel supply, due to the incomplete oxidation of the input fuel. This exhaust gas is subsequently oxidized (catalytically or non-catalytically), and the resultant thermal energy is often used elsewhere in the fuel cell process. Alternatively, additional fuel can be added to this stream to enhance the oxidation of the stream, for improved thermal control of the power plant, or to adjust the temperature of the exhaust gas as may be required in other specialty co-generation applications. Regardless of the ... continued below

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267 Kilobytes pages

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Gemmen, Randall S. & Edward H. Robey, Jr. November 1, 1999.

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Description

The anode exhaust gas from a fuel cell commonly has a fuel energy density between 15 and 25% that of the fuel supply, due to the incomplete oxidation of the input fuel. This exhaust gas is subsequently oxidized (catalytically or non-catalytically), and the resultant thermal energy is often used elsewhere in the fuel cell process. Alternatively, additional fuel can be added to this stream to enhance the oxidation of the stream, for improved thermal control of the power plant, or to adjust the temperature of the exhaust gas as may be required in other specialty co-generation applications. Regardless of the application, the cost of a fuel cell system can be reduced if the exhaust gas oxidation can be accomplished through direct gas phase oxidation, rather than the usual catalytic oxidation approach. Before gas phase oxidation can be relied upon however, combustor design requirements need to be understood. The work reported here examines the issue of fuel addition, primarily as related to molten-carbonate fuel cell technology. It is shown experimentally that without proper combustor design, the addition of natural gas can readily quench the anode gas oxidation. The Chemkin software routines were used to resolve the mechanisms controlling the chemical quenching. It is found that addition of natural gas to the anode exhaust increases the amount of CH3 radicals, which reduces the concentration of H and O radicals and results in decreased rates of overall fuel oxidation.

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267 Kilobytes pages

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OSTI as DE00015172

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  • Other Information: PBD: 1 Nov 1999

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  • Report No.: DOE/NETL-2000/1108
  • Grant Number: n/a
  • DOI: 10.2172/15172 | External Link
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 15172
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc620707

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  • November 1, 1999

Added to The UNT Digital Library

  • June 16, 2015, 7:43 a.m.

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  • April 15, 2016, 2:06 p.m.

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Gemmen, Randall S. & Edward H. Robey, Jr. Effect of Natural Gas Fuel Addition on the Oxidation of Fuel Cell Anode Gas, report, November 1, 1999; Morgantown, West Virginia. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc620707/: accessed August 20, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.