A technical review of urban land use - transportation models as tools for evaluating vehicle travel reduction strategies

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The continued growth of highway traffic in the United States has led to unwanted urban traffic congestion as well as to noticeable urban air quality problems. These problems include emissions covered by the 1990 Clean Air Act Amendments (CAAA) and 1991 Intermodal Surface Transportation Efficiency Act (ISTEA), as well as carbon dioxide and related {open_quotes}greenhouse gas{close_quotes} emissions. Urban travel also creates a major demand for imported oil. Therefore, for economic as well as environmental reasons, transportation planning agencies at both the state and metropolitan area level are focussing a good deal of attention on urban travel reduction policies. Much discussed ... continued below

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106 p.

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Southworth, F. July 1995.

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Description

The continued growth of highway traffic in the United States has led to unwanted urban traffic congestion as well as to noticeable urban air quality problems. These problems include emissions covered by the 1990 Clean Air Act Amendments (CAAA) and 1991 Intermodal Surface Transportation Efficiency Act (ISTEA), as well as carbon dioxide and related {open_quotes}greenhouse gas{close_quotes} emissions. Urban travel also creates a major demand for imported oil. Therefore, for economic as well as environmental reasons, transportation planning agencies at both the state and metropolitan area level are focussing a good deal of attention on urban travel reduction policies. Much discussed policy instruments include those that encourage fewer trip starts, shorter trip distances, shifts to higher-occupancy vehicles or to nonvehicular modes, and shifts in the timing of trips from the more to the less congested periods of the day or week. Some analysts have concluded that in order to bring about sustainable reductions in urban traffic volumes, significant changes will be necessary in the way our households and businesses engage in daily travel. Such changes are likely to involve changes in the ways we organize and use traffic-generating and-attracting land within our urban areas. The purpose of this review is to evaluate the ability of current analytic methods and models to support both the evaluation and possibly the design of such vehicle travel reduction strategies, including those strategies involving the reorganization and use of urban land. The review is organized into three sections. Section 1 describes the nature of the problem we are trying to model, Section 2 reviews the state of the art in operational urban land use-transportation simulation models, and Section 3 provides a critical assessment of such models as useful urban transportation planning tools. A number of areas are identified where further model development or testing is required.

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106 p.

Notes

OSTI as DE96002362

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  • Other Information: PBD: Jul 1995

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  • Other: DE96002362
  • Report No.: ORNL--6881
  • Grant Number: AC05-84OR21400
  • DOI: 10.2172/130603 | External Link
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 130603
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc620661

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Office of Scientific & Technical Information Technical Reports

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  • July 1995

Added to The UNT Digital Library

  • June 16, 2015, 7:43 a.m.

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  • Nov. 25, 2015, 5:10 p.m.

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Southworth, F. A technical review of urban land use - transportation models as tools for evaluating vehicle travel reduction strategies, report, July 1995; Tennessee. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc620661/: accessed June 22, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.