Extraction of long-lived radionuclides from caustic Hanford tank waste supernatants

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A series of polymer-based extraction systems, based on the use of polyethylene glycols (PEGs) or polypropylene glycols (PPGs), was demonstrated to be capable of selective extraction and recovery of long-lived radionuclides, such as {sup 99}Tc and {sup 129}I, from Hanford SY-101 tank waste, neutralized current acid waste, and single-shell tank waste simulants. During the extraction process, anionic species like TcO{sub 4}{sup {minus}} and I{sup {minus}} are selectively transferred to the less dense PEG-rich aqueous phase. The partition coefficients for a wide range of inorganic cations and anions, such as sodium, potassium, aluminum, nitrate, nitrite, and carbonate, are all less than ... continued below

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52 p.

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Chaiko, D.J.; Mertz, C.J. & Vojta, Y. July 1, 1995.

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Description

A series of polymer-based extraction systems, based on the use of polyethylene glycols (PEGs) or polypropylene glycols (PPGs), was demonstrated to be capable of selective extraction and recovery of long-lived radionuclides, such as {sup 99}Tc and {sup 129}I, from Hanford SY-101 tank waste, neutralized current acid waste, and single-shell tank waste simulants. During the extraction process, anionic species like TcO{sub 4}{sup {minus}} and I{sup {minus}} are selectively transferred to the less dense PEG-rich aqueous phase. The partition coefficients for a wide range of inorganic cations and anions, such as sodium, potassium, aluminum, nitrate, nitrite, and carbonate, are all less than one. The partition coefficients for pertechnetate ranged from 12 to 50, depending on the choice of waste simulant and temperature. The partition coefficient for iodide was about 5, while that of iodate was about 0.25. Irradiation of the PEG phase with gamma-ray doses up to 20 Mrad had no detectable effect on the partition coefficients. The most selective extraction systems examined were those based on PPGs, which exhibited separation factors in excess of 3000 between TcO{sub 4}{sup {minus}} and NO{sub 3}{sup {minus}}/NO{sub 2}{sub {minus}}. An advantage of the PPG-based system is minimization of secondary waste production. These studies also highlighted the need for exercising great care in extrapolating the partitioning behavior with tank waste simulants to actual tank waste.

Physical Description

52 p.

Notes

INIS; OSTI as DE96002934

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  • Other Information: PBD: Jul 1995

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  • Other: DE96002934
  • Report No.: ANL--95/39
  • Grant Number: W-31109-ENG-38
  • DOI: 10.2172/137312 | External Link
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 137312
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc620098

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Office of Scientific & Technical Information Technical Reports

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  • July 1, 1995

Added to The UNT Digital Library

  • June 16, 2015, 7:43 a.m.

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  • Dec. 15, 2015, 6:01 p.m.

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Chaiko, D.J.; Mertz, C.J. & Vojta, Y. Extraction of long-lived radionuclides from caustic Hanford tank waste supernatants, report, July 1, 1995; Illinois. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc620098/: accessed December 11, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.