Chemical vapor deposition of refractory ternary nitrides for advanced diffusion barriers

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Refractory ternary nitride films for diffusion barriers in microelectronics have been grown using chemical vapor deposition. Thin films of titanium-silicon-nitride, tungsten-boron-nitride, and tungsten-silicon-nitride of various compositions have been deposited on 150 mm Si wafers. The microstructure of the films are either fully amorphous for the tungsten based films, or nauocrystalline TiN in an amorphous matrix for titanium-silicon-nitride. All films exhibit step coverages suitable for use in future microelectronics generations. Selected films have been tested as diffusion barriers between copper and silicon, and generally perform extremely weH. These fiIms are promising candidates for advanced diffusion barriers for microelectronics applications. The manufacturing ... continued below

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14 Pages

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Custer, Jonathan S.; Fleming, James G.; Roherty-Osmun, Elizabeth & Smith, Paul Martin September 22, 1998.

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Refractory ternary nitride films for diffusion barriers in microelectronics have been grown using chemical vapor deposition. Thin films of titanium-silicon-nitride, tungsten-boron-nitride, and tungsten-silicon-nitride of various compositions have been deposited on 150 mm Si wafers. The microstructure of the films are either fully amorphous for the tungsten based films, or nauocrystalline TiN in an amorphous matrix for titanium-silicon-nitride. All films exhibit step coverages suitable for use in future microelectronics generations. Selected films have been tested as diffusion barriers between copper and silicon, and generally perform extremely weH. These fiIms are promising candidates for advanced diffusion barriers for microelectronics applications. The manufacturing of silicon wafers into integrated circuits uses many different process and materials. The manufacturing process is usually divided into two parts: the front end of line (FEOL) and the back end of line (BEOL). In the FEOL the individual transistors that are the heart of an integrated circuit are made on the silicon wafer. The responsibility of the BEOL is to wire all the transistors together to make a complete circuit. The transistors are fabricated in the silicon itself. The wiring is made out of metal, currently aluminum and tungsten, insulated by silicon dioxide, see Figure 1. Unfortunately, silicon will diffuse into aluminum, causing aluminum spiking of junctions, killing transistors. Similarly, during chemical vapor deposition (CVD) of tungsten from ~fj, the reactivity of the fluorine can cause "worn-holes" in the silicon, also destroying transistors. The solution to these problems is a so-called diffusion barrier, which will allow current to pass from the transistors to the wiring, but will prevent reactions between silicon and the metal.

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14 Pages

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  • ACS national meeting, Las Vegas, NV (US), 09/07/1998 - 09/11/1998

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  • Other: DE00001257
  • Report No.: SAND--98-1999C
  • Grant Number: AC04-94AL85000
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 1257
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc619661

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  • September 22, 1998

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  • June 16, 2015, 7:43 a.m.

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  • May 6, 2016, 9:37 p.m.

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Custer, Jonathan S.; Fleming, James G.; Roherty-Osmun, Elizabeth & Smith, Paul Martin. Chemical vapor deposition of refractory ternary nitrides for advanced diffusion barriers, article, September 22, 1998; United States. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc619661/: accessed September 23, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.