Task 6.5/6.7.1 - Materials for Gas Separation and Hydrogen Separation Membranes

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Catalytic gasification of coal to produce H2- and CH4-rich gases for consumption in molten carbonate fhel cells is currently under development; however, to optimize the fiel cell performance and extend its operating life, it is desired to separate as much of the inerts as possible from the fuel gas before they enter the fiel cell. In addition, the economics of the integrated gasification combined cycle (IGCC) can be improved by separating as much of the hydrogen as possible from the fuel, since hydrogen is a high-value product. One process currently under development by the Energy& Environmental Research Center (EERC) for ... continued below

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McCollor, Donald P. & Hurley, John P. January 1, 1998.

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Catalytic gasification of coal to produce H2- and CH4-rich gases for consumption in molten carbonate fhel cells is currently under development; however, to optimize the fiel cell performance and extend its operating life, it is desired to separate as much of the inerts as possible from the fuel gas before they enter the fiel cell. In addition, the economics of the integrated gasification combined cycle (IGCC) can be improved by separating as much of the hydrogen as possible from the fuel, since hydrogen is a high-value product. One process currently under development by the Energy& Environmental Research Center (EERC) for accomplishing this gas separation and hot-gas cleanup involves gas separation membranes. These membranes are operated at temperatures as high as 800 `C and pressures up to 300 psig. Some of these membranes can have very small pores (30-50 ~), which inefllciently separate the undesired gases by operating in the Knudsen diffision region of mass transport. Other membranes with smaller pore sizes (<5 ~) operate in the molecular sieving region of mass transport phenomena. Dissolution of atomic hydrogen into thin metallic membranes made of platinum and palladium alloys is also being developed. Technological and economic issues that must be resolved before gas separation membranes are commercially viable include improved gas separation efficiency, membrane optimization, sealing of membranes in pressure vessels, high burst strength of the ceramic material, pore thermal stability, and material chemical stability. Hydrogen separation is dependent on the temperature, pressure, pressure ratio across the membrane, and ratio of permeate flow to total flow.

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  • Other: DE00001675
  • Report No.: DE-FC21-93MC30097--50
  • Grant Number: FC21-93MC30097
  • DOI: 10.2172/1675 | External Link
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 1675
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc619538

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  • January 1, 1998

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  • June 16, 2015, 7:43 a.m.

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  • April 8, 2016, 1:35 p.m.

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McCollor, Donald P. & Hurley, John P. Task 6.5/6.7.1 - Materials for Gas Separation and Hydrogen Separation Membranes, report, January 1, 1998; Morgantown, West Virginia. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc619538/: accessed December 15, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.