Numerical simulations of turbulent dispersion around buildings via a lagrangian stochastic particle model

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This paper describes a numerical modeling approach that can be used to provide estimates of air concentrations due to emissions at industrial sites or other sites where buildings may have an important impact on the dispersion patterns. The procedure consists of two sequential steps: (i) Prediction of mean flow and turbulence fields via a turbulent flow model; and, (ii) Employment of the calculated flow and Turbulence fields to drive a Lagrangian Stochastic Particle Model. Two flow scenarios in which the approaching mean wind is assumed to be at 90{degrees} and 30{degrees} to the building complex are used as input to ... continued below

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8 p.

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Lee, R.L. & Naeslund, E. July 1, 1995.

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  • Lee, R.L. Lawrence Livermore National Lab., CA (United States)
  • Naeslund, E. National Defence Research Establishment, Umeaa (Sweden)

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Description

This paper describes a numerical modeling approach that can be used to provide estimates of air concentrations due to emissions at industrial sites or other sites where buildings may have an important impact on the dispersion patterns. The procedure consists of two sequential steps: (i) Prediction of mean flow and turbulence fields via a turbulent flow model; and, (ii) Employment of the calculated flow and Turbulence fields to drive a Lagrangian Stochastic Particle Model. Two flow scenarios in which the approaching mean wind is assumed to be at 90{degrees} and 30{degrees} to the building complex are used as input to the Lagrangian model. The first calculation is based on an earlier transport and diffusion simulation that employed an existing particle-in-cell flux-gradient dispersion model. The second simulation is used to demonstrate the strong spatial variations that the concentration field exhibit within the highly complex separation zones of building wakes. The relationship between concentration levels and toxic load are discussed for the case of a chemical spill.

Physical Description

8 p.

Notes

OSTI as DE96000100

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  • 7. international symposium on measurement and modeling of environmental flows, San Francisco, CA (United States), 12-17 Nov 1995

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  • Other: DE96000100
  • Report No.: UCRL-JC--121506
  • Report No.: CONF-9511131--1
  • Grant Number: W-7405-ENG-48
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 109687
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc619444

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Office of Scientific & Technical Information Technical Reports

Reports, articles and other documents harvested from the Office of Scientific and Technical Information.

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI) is the Department of Energy (DOE) office that collects, preserves, and disseminates DOE-sponsored research and development (R&D) results that are the outcomes of R&D projects or other funded activities at DOE labs and facilities nationwide and grantees at universities and other institutions.

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  • July 1, 1995

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  • June 16, 2015, 7:43 a.m.

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  • Feb. 23, 2016, 3:08 p.m.

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Lee, R.L. & Naeslund, E. Numerical simulations of turbulent dispersion around buildings via a lagrangian stochastic particle model, article, July 1, 1995; California. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc619444/: accessed November 23, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.