APT Blanket Thermal Analyses of Top Horizontal Row 1 Modules

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The Accelerator Production of Tritium (APT) cavity flood system (CFS) is designed to be the primary safeguard for the integrity of the blanket modules during loss of coolant accidents (LOCAs). For certain large break LOCAs the CFS also provides backup for the residual heat removal systems (RHRs) in cooling the target assemblies. In the unlikely event that the internal flow passages in a blanket module or target assembly dryout, decay heat in the metal structures will be dissipated to the CFS through the module or assembly walls (i.e., rung outer walls). The target assemblies consist of tungsten targets encased in ... continued below

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Shadday, M.A. September 20, 1999.

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Description

The Accelerator Production of Tritium (APT) cavity flood system (CFS) is designed to be the primary safeguard for the integrity of the blanket modules during loss of coolant accidents (LOCAs). For certain large break LOCAs the CFS also provides backup for the residual heat removal systems (RHRs) in cooling the target assemblies. In the unlikely event that the internal flow passages in a blanket module or target assembly dryout, decay heat in the metal structures will be dissipated to the CFS through the module or assembly walls (i.e., rung outer walls). The target assemblies consist of tungsten targets encased in steel conduits, and they can safely sustain high metal temperatures. Under internally dry conditions, the cavity flood fluid will cool the target assemblies with vigorous nucleate boiling on the external surfaces. However, the metal structures in the blanket modules consist of lead cladded in aluminum, and they have a long-term exposure temperature limit currently set to 150 degrees C. Simultaneous LOCAs in both the target and blanket heat removal systems (HRS) could result in dryout of the target ladders, as well as the horizontal blanket modules above the target. The cavity flood coolant would boil on the outside surfaces of the target ladder rungs, and the resultant steam could reduce the effectiveness of convection heat transfer from the blanket modules to the cavity flood coolant. A two-part analysis was conducted to ascertain if the cavity flood system can adequately cool the blanket modules above the targets, even when boiling is occurring on the outer surfaces of the target ladder rungs. The first part of the analysis was to model transient thermal conduction in the front top horizontal row 1 module (i.e. top horizontal modules nearest the incoming beam), while varying parametrically the convection heat transfer coefficient (htc) for the external surfaces exposed to the cavity flood flow. This part of the analysis demonstrated that the module could adequately conduct heat to the outer module surfaces, given reasonable values for the convection heat transfer coefficients. The second part of the analysis consisted of two-phase flow modeling of the natural circulation of the cavity flood fluid past the top modules. Slots in the top shield allow the cavity flood fluid to circulate. The required width for these slots, to prevent steam from backing up and blanketing the outer surfaces of the top modules, was determined.

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  • Other Information: PBD: 20 Sep 1999

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  • Report No.: WSRC-TR-99-00228
  • Grant Number: AC09-96SR18500
  • DOI: 10.2172/12338 | External Link
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 12338
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc618967

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  • September 20, 1999

Added to The UNT Digital Library

  • June 16, 2015, 7:43 a.m.

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  • May 5, 2016, 3:21 p.m.

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Shadday, M.A. APT Blanket Thermal Analyses of Top Horizontal Row 1 Modules, report, September 20, 1999; South Carolina. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc618967/: accessed December 18, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.