Criteria for calculating the efficiency of HEPA filters during and after design basis accidents

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We have reviewed the literature on the performance of high efficiency particulate air (HEPA) filters under normal and abnormal conditions to establish criteria for calculating the efficiency of HEPA filters in a DOE nonreactor nuclear facility during and after a Design Basis Accident (DBA). The literature review included the performance of new filters and parameters that may cause deterioration in the filter performance such as filter age, radiation, corrosive chemicals, seismic and rough handling, high temperature, moisture, particle clogging, high air flow and pressure pulses. The deterioration of the filter efficiency depends on the exposure parameters; in severe exposure conditions ... continued below

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30 p.

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Bergman, W.; First, M. W.; Anderson, W. L.; Gilbert, H. & Jacox, J. W. December 1994.

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Description

We have reviewed the literature on the performance of high efficiency particulate air (HEPA) filters under normal and abnormal conditions to establish criteria for calculating the efficiency of HEPA filters in a DOE nonreactor nuclear facility during and after a Design Basis Accident (DBA). The literature review included the performance of new filters and parameters that may cause deterioration in the filter performance such as filter age, radiation, corrosive chemicals, seismic and rough handling, high temperature, moisture, particle clogging, high air flow and pressure pulses. The deterioration of the filter efficiency depends on the exposure parameters; in severe exposure conditions the filter will be structurally damaged and have a residual efficiency of 0%. Despite the many studies on HEPA filter performance under adverse conditions, there are large gaps and limitations in the data that introduce significant error in the estimates of HEPA filter efficiencies under DBA conditions. Because of this limitation, conservative values of filter efficiency were chosen when there was insufficient data.

Physical Description

30 p.

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INIS; OSTI as DE95017066

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  • 23. DOE/NRC nuclear air cleaning and treatment conference, Buffalo, NY (United States), 25-28 Jul 1994

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  • Other: DE95017066
  • Report No.: UCRL-JC--119490
  • Report No.: CONF-940738--13
  • Grant Number: W-7405-ENG-48
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 116574
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc618859

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Office of Scientific & Technical Information Technical Reports

Reports, articles and other documents harvested from the Office of Scientific and Technical Information.

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI) is the Department of Energy (DOE) office that collects, preserves, and disseminates DOE-sponsored research and development (R&D) results that are the outcomes of R&D projects or other funded activities at DOE labs and facilities nationwide and grantees at universities and other institutions.

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  • December 1994

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  • June 16, 2015, 7:43 a.m.

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  • Feb. 23, 2016, 1:23 p.m.

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Bergman, W.; First, M. W.; Anderson, W. L.; Gilbert, H. & Jacox, J. W. Criteria for calculating the efficiency of HEPA filters during and after design basis accidents, article, December 1994; California. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc618859/: accessed November 17, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.