Libertines Real and Fictional in Rochester, Shadwell, Wycherley, and Boswell Page: 77
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seem to value (Miner 159). Similarly, Cavaliers often disregard women's feelings and refuse to
acknowledge women's sexual needs and desires. Wycherley's Horner, though motivated by self-
interest, does not completely disregard the feelings of others. Though he uses the women for
sexual gratification (and their husbands for access to them), he does acknowledge their feelings.
That is not to say that Horner is a radical feminist. In fact, he joins his fellow Cavaliers in
making sexist comments about women and "insists that they are animalistic and incapable of
love" (Kaufman 240). However, Horner's motive in expressing sexist sentiments about women
is to appease the men and in doing so, maintain his access to their wives. Wycherley's Horner is
cognizant of women's feelings and needs; and the fact that he has some investment in the
women's feelings, regardless of how superficial and self-serving his initial motivation for his
investment may be, renders him a self-contradictory libertine who constantly creates his own
version of libertinism.
As a self-interested Hobbesian who misinterprets Hobbes's theories and in doing so,
follows instincts or lives in what Hobbes called a "state of nature"-a world in which humans let
their self-interest guide them and what Hobbes viewed as fatal to the existence of
commonwealths and humans in general. This world Hobbes describes in Leviathan results in a
"state of Warre" (Hobbes 62). Hobbes writes:
Hereby it is manifest, that during the time men live without a common Power to keep
them all in awe, they are in that condition which is called Warre; and such a warre, as if
of every man, against every man. For Warre, consisteth not in Battel only, or the act of
fighting; but in a tract of time, wherein the Will to contend by Battel is sufficiently
known: and therefore the notion of Time, is to be considered in the nature of Warre; as it
is in the nature of Weather. For as the nature of Foule weather, lyeth not in a showre or
two of rain; but in an inclination thereto of many days together: So the nature of Warre,
consisteth not in actuall fighting; but in the known disposition thereto, during all the time
there is no assurance to the contrary. All other time is Peace.
Whatsoever therefore is consequent to a time of Warre, where every man is Enemy to
every man; wherein men live without other security, that what their own strength, and
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Smith, Victoria. Libertines Real and Fictional in Rochester, Shadwell, Wycherley, and Boswell, dissertation, May 2008; Denton, Texas. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc6051/m1/83/?q=rochester: accessed May 23, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; .